Chemical Sciences and Technology: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 41 - 45 of 910

A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research (2015)

Research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean has yielded tremendous insights into the workings of our planet and the universe beyond. Much of this research is now becoming increasingly urgent as scientists seek to understand how the region may affect sea-level rise and other global-scale environmental changes. Informed by input from across the scientific community, this report offers a strategic vision to guide the U.S. Antarctic Program at th... More >>

Report in Brief

A Community-Based Flood Insurance Option (2015)

Part of the conversation regarding National Flood Insurance Program reform is the prospect of a community-based flood insurance option--a single insurance policy for an entire community--which may be more effective and less expensive than administering separate policies for each property within a given community. This report identifies key issues and questions as "food for thought" for FEMA and Congress as they weigh both the possible benefit... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States (2015)

Climate change is affecting the environment in ways that can have consequences for human health. Research on these impacts is active, with strong evidence to support some aspects and research still in progress for others. To synthesize and review research on this topic, the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) has initiated an interagency Assessment on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. This report review... More >>

Application of Modern Toxicology Approaches for Predicting Acute Toxicity for Chemical Defense (2015)

The US Department of Defense (DOD) is faced with an overwhelming task in evaluating chemicals that could potentially pose a threat to its deployed personnel. There are over 84,000 registered chemicals, and testing them with traditional toxicity-testing methods is not feasible in terms of time or money. In recent years, there has been a concerted effort to develop new approaches to toxicity testing that incorporate advances in systems biology... More >>

Tying Flood Insurance to Flood Risk for Low-Lying Structures in the Floodplains (2015)

One-fifth of the National Flood Insurance Program's 5.5 million policies cover structures that existed before floodplain maps became available. These older structures receive subsidized rates that are lower than warranted by their risk of flooding. However, most are low lying (negatively elevated)--that is, the elevation of the lowest floor is lower than the NFIP benchmark for construction standards and floodplain management ordinances. Low-lyin... More >>