Chemical Sciences and Technology: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 35

Safe Science: Promoting a Culture of Safety in Academic Chemical Research (2014)

Recent serious accidents in chemical research laboratories in US universities--some of them fatal--have highlighted a need for improved lab safety; but it has become increasingly clear that simple compliance with regulations can only go so far in protecting researchers. Many colleges and universities are now working to build a strong, positive culture of safety: a constant, institution-wide commitment to safe working practices to reduce the ris... More >>

Research Progress on Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials (2013)

Nanomaterials-—materials just one billionth of a meter in size—have novel chemical and physical properties that make them useful for an array of products that range from cosmetics to medical therapies to electronics. The unique characteristics and behaviors of nanomaterials and uncertainties regarding how they interact with biologic systems have motivated research on the potential risks they pose to human health and the environment. Despite a... More >>

TRB Special Report 311: Effects of Diluted Bitumen on Crude Oil Transmission Pipelines (2013)

TRB Special Report 311: Effects of Diluted Bitumen on Crude Oil Transmission Pipelines analyzes whether shipments of diluted bitumen have a greater likelihood of release from pipelines than shipments of other crude oils. The oil sands region of Canada is the source of diluted bitumen shipped by pipeline to the United States. The committee that produced the report did not find any pipeline failures unique to the transportation of diluted bitume... More >>

Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States (2012)

Biofuels made from algae are gaining attention as a domestic source of renewable fuel. However, with current technologies, scaling up production of algal biofuels to meet even 5 percent of U.S. transportation fuel needs could create unsustainable demands for energy, water, and nutrient resources. Continued research and development could yield innovations to address these challenges, but determining if algal biofuel is a viable fuel alternativ... More >>

Report in Brief

Determining Core Capabilities in Chemical and Biological Defense Science and Technology (2012)

With the goal of providing world-class capabilities to allow the nation's armed forces to fight chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear attack, the U.S. Department of Defense's Chemical and Biological Defense Program must continuously evolve to keep up with the changing nature of conflict and rapid advances in science and technology. This report identifies the core capabilities that must be supported by the program, and identifie... More >>