Climate and Weather: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 137

Review of the Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment (2018)

This review from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine evaluates the draft Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) developed by the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). The USGCRP is mandated by Congress to issue a national climate assessment every four years to evaluate the state of climate science and the broad range of impacts of climate change in the United States. The review concludes that the draf... More >>

Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise (2017)

Our ability to observe and predict severe weather events has improved markedly over the last few decades. Forecasts and warnings are being made with greater accuracy, geographic specificity, and lead time, which allows people and communities to take appropriate protective measures. Yet, as many recent hazardous weather events have illustrated, social and behavioral factors -- including people’s contexts, experiences, knowledge, perceptions, an... More >>

Report in Brief

Accomplishments of the U.S. Global Change Research Program (2017)

Established under the Global Research Act of 1990, the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) has provided strategic planning and coordination to 13 participating federal agencies working to advance the science of global environmental change. This new report highlights notable accomplishments of the program, both in through its coordinating work and the many synthesis and assessment products it has published to share research findings wit... More >>

Report in Brief

The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research: Remembering Yesterday, Understanding Today, Anticipating Tomorrow (2016)

The field of atmospheric chemistry came into its own as researchers worked to discover the causes of such problems as urban smog, acid rain, and the stratospheric ozone hole and identify actions that helped to solve each problem. Nonetheless, significant challenges remain as a growing global population intensifies energy use and industrial and agricultural activities. Climate change is one of the greatest environmental challenges facing societ... More >>

Report in Brief

Next Generation Earth System Prediction: Strategies for Subseasonal to Seasonal Forecasts (2016)

Extending weather and ocean forecasts to predict Earth system conditions weeks to months in advance will help decision makers plan ahead to save lives, protect property, and increase economic vitality -- but, currently, the accuracy, skill, and scope of such extended forecasts is limited. This report presents the vision that, in the next decade, subseasonal to seasonal forecasts (those made two weeks to 12 months in advance) will be as widel... More >>

Report in Brief