Committee Membership Information

Study Title:

Determining Critical Capabilities in Chemical and Biological Defense Research and Development

Study Director:

Dr. Miriam E. John - (Chair)

Miriam E. John, Private Consultant; Vice President, Emeritus; Sandia National Laboratories Mim is serving in various consulting and board roles since her retirement as Vice President of Sandia???s California Laboratory in Livermore. During her Sandia career, she worked on a wide variety of programs, including nuclear weapons, chemical and biological defense, missile defense, and solar energy, and provided leadership for a number of the laboratory???s energy, national security and homeland security programs. She is a member of the DoD???s Defense Science Board and Threat Reduction Advisory Committee. She is also Chair of the National Research Council???s Naval Studies Board and serves on the Board of Directors of the National Institute for Hometown Security. She is a past member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, the Board on Army Science and Technology, and DOE???s National Commission on Science and Security. She was appointed a National Associate of the National Academies of Science and Engineering. She chairs the California Council on Science and Technology. She is a member of the Board of Advisors for MIT Lincoln Laboratory, the Board of Directors for Draper Laboratory, and External Advisory Board of Savannah River National Laboratory. She is a member of the Board of Directors of SAIC and the Strategic Advisory Board for RedX Defense Systems. She is also a member of the Director???s Review Committee for the National Ignition Facility at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and has served on the Director Search Committees for both LLNL and Los Alamos. She is a member of the Dean???s advisory board for the School of Science and Engineering and chairs the Advisory Board for the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at Tulane University, where she has been recognized as an outstanding alumna.

Dr. Anna Johnson-Winegar

Anna Johnson-Winegar, retired, Office of the Secretary of Defense Dr. Johnson-Winegar served as the Deputy Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Chemical and Biological Defense Programs) from 1999 until her retirement in 2003. She acted as the single focal-point within the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) responsible for oversight, coordination, and integration of the chemical/biological (CB) defense, counterproliferation support, chemical demilitarization, and Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (ACWA) programs. She represented the Department of Defense on multiple interagency and international groups addressing CB issues. She provided Congressional testimony on numerous occasions during this time. She also participated as a biological weapons inspector in Iraq for the United Nations under UNSCOM. In 1998, she received the lifetime achievement award from Women in Science and Engineering. Upon her retirement from civil service, she received the Department of Defense Meritorious Service Award (with bronze palm), Presidential Rank Award as a Meritorious Executive in the Senior Executive Service, the Gold Medal from the National Defense Industrial Association, and numerous other recognitions. In 2006 she received the Distinguished Alumna Award from Hood College, her alma mater. She currently is engaged in private consulting work for industry, academic, and government clients.

Dr. Randall S. Murch
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Randall S. Murch, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) Dr. Murch is an associate director at the Center for Technology Security and Policy and adjunct professor at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, National Capital Region, Alexandria, Virginia. He is also a Visiting Professor, Program on Science and Security, Department of War Studies, King???s College London, UK. Dr. Murch???s first career was as a Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), where he focused on counterintelligence, counterterrorism, forensic science, technology development and technical operations and WMD terrorism. He served in the Indianapolis, Los Angeles and New York Field Offices, and the Laboratory, Intelligence and Technical Services Divisions. He created the FBI???s WMD forensic investigative program; the WMD forensic program has since become a national priority and has been embraced by other federal agencies. He also led forensic investigative aspects of a number of major terrorism cases, and initiated a number of new programs for both the FBI Laboratory and technical investigative program. Toward the end of his career, he was detailed from the FBI to the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Department of Defense, where he led advanced studies on complex current and future challenges dealing with weapons of mass destruction. Before Virginia Tech, Dr. Murch was at the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) where he led and participated in studies for the defense, intelligence and homeland security communities. He has or is serving on several national Academies and Department of Defense boards and study committees. Dr. Murch holds BS, MS and PhD degrees in the life sciences.

Dr. Jon Mogford
Texas A&M University

Jon Mogford, Texas A&M University Dr. Mogford is the associate vice chancellor in the office of strategic initiatives at Texas A&M University. Before that he was the Deputy Director in the Defense Sciences Office with interests in wound healing/regeneration, cellular therapies, tissue engineering, and vascular physiology. Dr. Mogford received his doctorate in medical sciences (physiology) from the Texas A&M Health Science Center and performed post-doctoral work at the University of Chicago. He later served as a Research Assistant Professor at Northwestern University. His research background includes studies on the role of growth factors, age, and ischemia/hypoxia on dermal wound healing/scarring and on the control of cell phenotype and microvascular function by cell adhesion receptors, growth factors, and extracellular matrix.

Dr. Henry H. Willis
The RAND Corporation

Henry H. Willis, RAND Corporation Henry H. Willis is a professor of policy analysis at the Pardee RAND Graduate School, the Associate Director of the RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center, and a senior policy researcher at RAND Corporation. His research has applied risk analysis tools to the study of public policy in the areas of counterterrorism, disaster response and emergency preparedness, public health and safety, energy systems, and environmental pollution control. He is the author of dozens of publications, book chapters and op-ed pieces and has testified before Congress as an expert on applying risk analysis to terrorism security policy. Dr. Willis??? recent research has involved: evaluating emergency preparedness programs like the Cities Readiness Initiative and analyzing the effectiveness of nuclear detection technologies used to improve supply chain security. He serves on the Editorial Board of the journals Risk Analysis and Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression. Dr. Willis earned his Ph.D. degree from the Department of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University and holds degrees in chemistry and environmental studies from the University of Pennsylvania (B.A.) and in environmental science from the University of Cincinnati (M.A.).

Dr. Donald Prosnitz
The RAND Corporation

Donald Prosnitz, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Dr. Prosnitz is a Sr. Principal Researcher (adjunct) at RAND Corporation, a visiting scholar at the physics department of the University of California, Berkeley, and an independent technical consultant. His current activities include research on free-electron lasers and a range of studies at RAND concentrating on the utilization of technology to solve national and homeland security issues. Dr. Prosnitz was previously the Deputy Associate Director (Programs) for Non-Proliferation, Homeland and International Security at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) where he was responsible for overseeing all of the directorate???s technical programs. He spent two years as an assistant professor at Yale University before joining LLNL. Over the next three decades, he conducted research on lasers, particle accelerators, high power microwaves, free electron lasers, and remote sensing, and managed the design, construction, and operation of numerous research facilities. In 1990, he was awarded the U.S. Particle Accelerator Award for Achievement in Accelerator Physics and Technology. In 1999, Dr. Prosnitz was named the first Chief Science and Technology Advisor for the Department of Justice (DOJ) by Attorney General Janet Reno. He was responsible for coordinating technology policy and technology projects among the DOJ???s component agencies and with state and local law enforcement entities. In 2002, he was named a Fellow of the American Physical Society. He is a former chair of the American Physical Society Forum on Physics and Society. He recently served on the NRC Committee to Review the Department of Homeland Security???s Approach to Risk Analysis. Dr. Prosnitz received his B.S. from Yale University and his Ph.D. in Physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a licensed amateur radio operator and an active member of his community???s CERT (Community Emergency Response Team.)

Dr. Charles E. Kolb, Jr.
Aerodyne Research, Inc.

Charles E. Kolb , Aerodyne Research Inc. Dr. Kolb is the president and chief executive officer of Aerodyne Research, Inc. He joined Aerodyne as a Senior Research Scientist in 1971. At Aerodyne, his personal areas of research have included atmospheric and environmental chemistry, combustion chemistry, and the chemical physics of rocket and aircraft exhaust plumes. In the area of atmospheric and environmental chemistry, Dr. Kolb initiated Aerodyne's programs to develop and utilize tunable infrared laser spectrometers and aerosol mass spectrometers for the identification and quantification of sources, sinks and ambient concentration distributions of trace atmospheric gases and aerosol particles involved in urban, regional and global pollution problems, as well as the development of spectral sensing techniques to quantify soil pollutants. He received a B.S. in chemistry from MIT and a M.S. and Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Princeton University. He is a Fellow of the American Chemical Society, the American Physical Society, the American Geophysical Union, the Optical Society of America and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Kolb is also a member of the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology of the National Academies and a National Associate of the National Academies.

Dr. Jill M. Hruby
Sandia National Laboratories

Jill M. Hruby, Sandia National Laboratories Dr. Hruby is the Sandia National Laboratories vice president for energy, security and defense technologies. The energy, security and defense technologies organization primarily supports Sandia???s mission efforts in energy and resource systems research and development, nuclear power, environmental quality, the reduction of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and the global threat of terrorism, and the protection of nuclear and other vital national assets. Dr. Hruby will also lead Sandia???s International, Homeland, and Nuclear Security Strategic Management Unit (SMU), including Sandia???s strategic initiative on nuclear security. This initiative focuses on all aspects of nuclear security including nonproliferation, technology support to arms control activity, global nuclear security and threat reduction, nuclear asset protection and detection and response to weapons of mass destruction. Most recently the director of Homeland Security and Defense Systems at Sandia???s Livermore, Calif., site, Dr. Hruby has been with Sandia for more than 25 years. She has served as Sandia???s director of materials and engineering sciences, where she was responsible for materials research and development and microsystem fabrication and performance. Over the course of her Sandia career, she has also been actively engaged with nanoscience research, hydrogen storage, solar energy research, mechanical component design, thermal analysis and microfluidics. Dr. Hruby is a member of the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology of the National Academies.

Dr. C. Rick Lyons
Colorado State University

C. Rick Lyons, Colorado State University Dr. Lyons was named Director of the infectious Disease research center at Colorado State University in 2010. Dr. Lyons is a physician scientist trained as a Hematologist/Oncologist. He received his MD and doctorate from University of Texas Southwestern Medical School in Dallas, Texas. He received his Ph.D. in Immunology and did his training in Hematology/Oncology at the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts. He comes to Colorado State University from the University of New Mexico Health Science Center in Albuquerque where he was professor of Medicine and Director of the Center for Infectious Diseases and Immunology. His scientific expertise is in developing animal models of human diseases that can be used to translate products into humans. Dr. Lyons has over twenty five years experience in developing and performing research in animal models of infectious disease. There are three main emphases in his research: 1) Develop the most accurate animal models of infection that mimic human disease; 2) Apply cutting edge technology to analyze the endpoints during in vivo infection; and 3) Develop strong collaborations with internal and external investigators to bring the most expertise to bear on these issues. In the last ten years he has focused his research on a variety of emerging infections particularly in the field of bioweapons including Bacillus anthracis and Francisella tularensis using a variety of species to examine their pathogenesis including mice, rats, rabbits and primates.

Mr. Tom Slezak
E.O. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Tom Slezak, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Mr. Slezak has been involved with bioinformatics at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) for 30 years after receiving BS and MS degrees in Computer Science from the University of California, Davis. Tom is currently the Associate Program Leader for Informatics for the Global Security Program efforts at LLNL. He was involved with the Human Genome Program from 1987-2000, leading the informatics efforts at LLNL and then the DOE's Joint Genome Institute from 1997-2000. In 2000 he began to build a pathogen bioinformatics team at LLNL pioneering a novel whole-genome analysis approach to DNA signature design. His team developed signature targets for multiple human pathogens that were used at the 2002 Winter Olympic Games under the BASIS program and later adapted for use nationwide in the DHS BioWatch program. Under a close collaboration with the CDC, the LLNL team has been called on for computational help on smallpox, SARS, monkeypox, avian influenza, and numerous other pathogens. In addition to continuing work on human and agricultural pathogens, Tom???s team is currently focusing on signatures of mechanisms of virulence, antibiotic-resistance, and evidence of genetic engineering. They have been focusing on detecting novel, engineered, and advanced biothreats for several years, leveraging high-risk ITIC and DHS funding. Tom has chaired or served on multiple advisory boards, including the rice genome project, mouse and maize genetics databases, spruce tree genome project (Canada), plant pathogens, and a NIAID sequencing center contract renewal.