Committee Membership Information

Study Title:

Geoengineering Climate: Technical Evaluation of Selected Approaches

Study Director:

Dr. Marcia K. McNutt - (Chair)

Dr. Marcia K. McNutt is the former Director of the U.S. Geological Survey and currently has a visiting appointment at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She was awarded by the American Geophysical Union the Macelwane Medal in 1988 for research accomplishments by a young scientist and the Maurice Ewing Medal in 2007 for her significant contributions to deep-sea exploration. She holds honorary doctoral degrees from the University of Minnesota, Colorado College, Monmouth University, and Colorado School of Mines. Dr. McNutt received her Ph.D. in Earth Sciences from Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

Dr. John T. Snow
University of Oklahoma

Dr. John T. Snow is a Regents' Professor of Meteorology and Dean Emeritus of the College of Atmospheric and Geographic Sciences at the University of Oklahoma. He earned both his B.S. and M.S. in Electric Engineering from Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, and his Ph.D. in Atmospheric Science from Purdue University. Currently, Dr.Snow's professional interests lie in the field of "Earth System Science," merging research in the Earth and Life Sciences to generate a comprehensive explanation for "how the world works." In recent years, Dr. Snow has been involved in a number of local and regional economic development projects and technology transfer efforts. Dr. Snow is involved with a number of professional organizations, serving as an American Meteorological Society(AMS) Fellow, a Royal Meteorological Society Fellow, and a member of the NSF Geosciences Advisory Committee to name a few. The AMS has honored Dr. Snow with the Charles Anderson Award for his efforts in improving education and diversity in the atmospheric sciences, and the Cleveland Abbey Award for his excellent service to both the Society and profession. Dr. Snow received his Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences from Purdue University in 1977.

Dr. James R. Fleming
Colby College

Dr. James R. Fleming is a historian of science and technology and Professor of Science, Technology and Society at Colby College. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and the American Meteorological Society (AMS), series editor of Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology, contributing author to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and chair-elect of the AAAS Section on Societal Impacts of Science and Engineering. Dr. Fleming earned a B.S. in astronomy from Pennsylvania State University, an M.S. in atmospheric science from Colorado State University, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in history from Princeton University. He has held a number of major fellowships and lectureships, including the Charles A. Lindbergh Chair in Aerospace History at the Smithsonian Institution, the Roger Revelle Fellowship of the AAAS, the H. Burr Steinbach Lectureship at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, the Gordon Cain Conference Fellowship at the Chemical Heritage Foundation, a Woodrow Wilson Center policy scholarship, and a Scholar?s Award from the US National Science Foundation. He is currently a visiting scholar in the history department at Columbia University.

Dr. Philip J. Rasch
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Dr. Philip Rasch serves as the Chief Scientist for Climate Science at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), a Department of Energy Office of Science research laboratory. In his advisory role, he provides leadership and direction to PNNL's Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change (ASGC) Division. The Division conducts research on the long term impact of human activities on climate and natural resources using a research strategy that starts with measurements and carries that information into models, with a goal of improving the nation's ability to predict climate change. Dr. Rasch provides oversight to more than 90 researchers who lead and contribute to programs within a number of government agencies and industry. These programs focus on climate, aerosol and cloud physics; global and regional scale modeling; integrated assessment of global change; and complex regional meteorology and chemistry. Dr. Rasch earned bachelor's degrees in Chemistry and Atmospheric Science from the University of Washington and master's and Ph.D. degrees in Meteorology from Florida State University.

Dr. Paul G. Falkowski
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick

Dr. Paul G. Falkowski is Bennett L. Smith Professor of Business and Natural Resources at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey and Director of the Rutgers Energy Institute. His research interests include biogeochemical cycles, photosynthesis, biological oceanography, molecular biology, biochemistry and biophysics, physiological adaptation, plant physiology, evolution, mathematical modeling, and symbiosis. Dr. Falkowski is also the Lead Principal Investigator in the Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology (EBME) Program. That program focuses on molecular biology and biophysics to address key questions in biological oceanography and marine biology. The EBME program provides a laboratory in the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences at Rutgers University that addresses the application of similar techniques to primary production, nitrogen fixation, and other rate determining processes in aquatic as well as terrestrial ecosystems. Dr. Falkowski has received many awards; his most recent include the Board of Trustees Award for Excellence in Research, Rutgers University (2000), Vernadsky Medal, European Geosciences Union (2005), and Board of Governors Professor, Rutgers University (2005). Dr. Falkowski was elected to the NAS as a member in 2007. He has also received numerous grants, some from NASA, NSF, DOD, DOE, and the Moore Foundation. Dr. Falkowski received his Ph.D. in Biology at the University of British Columbia.

Dr. Jennifer Wilcox
Stanford University

Dr. Jennifer Wilcox is an Assistant Professor in the Energy Resources Engineering Department at Stanford University. Her primary research focuses on trace metal and carbon capture. Dr. Wilcox carries out both molecular-level simulations and bench-scale combustion experiments in her research. She has received the NSF Career award for her work in trace element speciation in combustion flue gases and has received the Army Young Investigator award for her work in hydrogen separation with Pd-based membranes. She is also the author of the first textbook on Carbon Capture, published in April 2012. Dr. Wilcox is an Affiliated Faculty Member of the Precourt Institute for Energy at Stanford. She received her Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Arizona.

Dr. Scott C. Doney
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Dr. Scott Doney is a Senior Scientist in the Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). He graduated with a BA in chemistry from the University of California, San Diego in 1986 and a PhD in chemical oceanography from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Oceanography in 1991. He was a postdoctoral fellow and later a scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, before returning to Woods Hole in 2002. He was awarded the James B. Macelwane Medal from the American Geophysical Union in 2000, a Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellow in 2004, and the WHOI W. Van Alan Clark Sr. Chair in 2007. He is an AGU Fellow (2000) and a AAAS Fellow (2010). His science interests span oceanography, climate and biogeochemistry. Much of his research focuses on how the global carbon cycle and ocean ecology respond to natural and human-driven climate change. A key focus is on ocean acidification due to the invasion into the ocean of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel burning. He was the inaugural chair of the U.S. Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Program, and currently he is the director of the WHOI Ocean and Climate Change Institute.

Dr. Steve Fetter
University of Maryland, College Park

Dr. Steve Fetter is Associate Provost for Academic Affairs at the University of Maryland. He has been a Professor in the Maryland School of Public Policy since 1988, serving as Dean from 2005 to 2009. In 2009-2012 he was Assistant Director At-Large in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the White House; in 2011-12 he directed OSTP's Environment and Energy Division, co-chaired the Committee on Environment, Natural Resources, and Sustainability of the National Science and Technology Council, oversaw the U.S. Global Change Research Program, and was U.S. representative to the Group on Earth Observations. Dr. Fetter is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a Fellow of the American Physical Society, and a recipient of the APS Joseph A. Burton Forum Award. He has been a member of the Director of National Intelligence's Intelligence Science Board and the Department of Energy's Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee, served as President of the Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs and Vice Chairman of the Federation of American Scientists, and received the FAS Hans Bethe 'Science in the Public Service' award. He has been an Advisor to the U.S. departments of State, Defense, and Energy, and has held visiting positions at Stanford, Harvard, and MIT. He received a Ph.D. in Energy and Resources from the University of California, Berkeley, and a S.B. in Physics from MIT.

Dr. Raymond T. Pierrehumbert
The University of Chicago

Dr. Raymond T. Pierrehumbert is the Louis Block Professor in Geophysical Sciences at the University of Chicago, having earlier served on the atmospheric science faculties of MIT and Princeton. His research work has dealt with a wide range of problems in the physics of climate, including anthropogenic climate change, climate of the Early Earth, climate of Mars and Titan, and most recently exoplanet climate. He was a lead author of the IPCC Third Assessment Report, and a co-author of the National Research Council report on abrupt climate change and of the report on Climate Stabilization Targets. He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, and in recognition of his work on climate he has been named Chevalier de l'Ordre des Palmes Academiques by the Republic off France. Dr. Pierrehumbert is the author of "Principles of Planetary Climate," a textbook on comparative planetary climate published by Cambridge University Press, and, with David Archer, co-author of "The Warming Papers" (Wiley/Blackwell). He received his Ph.D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Dr. M. Granger Morgan
Carnegie Mellon University

Dr. M. Granger Morgan is Lord Chair Professor in Engineering; Professor and Department Head, Engineering and Public Policy; and Professor in Electrical and Computer Engineering; and Professor in The H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). Dr. Morgan's research interests are focused on policy problems in which technical and scientific issues play a central role. Methodological interests include problems in the integrated analysis of large complex systems; problems in the characterization and treatment of uncertainty; problems in the improvement of regulation; and selected issues in risk analysis and risk communication. Application areas of current interest include global climate change; the future of the energy system, especially electric power; risk analysis, including risk ranking; health and environmental impacts of energy systems; security aspects of engineered civil systems; national R&D policy; radio interference on commercial airliners; issues of privacy and anonymity; and a number of general policy, management, and manpower problems involving science and technology. Most of Dr. Morgan's professional career has been spent at CMU with short stints at Brookhaven National Labs, the National Science Foundation, and University of California, San Diego. His professional activities include a large number of publications, memberships on numerous panels, including the EPRI Advisory Board (which he previously chaired)and the Scientific and Technical Council of the International Risk Governance Council (which he chairs). He is past chair of the the EPA Science Advisory Board , He is a member of the NAS and has served on and chaired many NRC committees. He earned his Ph.D. in Applied Physics and Information Science from the University of California at San Diego.

Dr. Waleed Abdalati
University of Colorado Boulder

Dr. Waleed Abdalati is a Fellow in the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) at the University of Colorado, a Professor in the Department of Geography, and Director of the Earth Science and Observation Center (ESOC). ESOC is an interdisciplinary research and teaching center focused on the development and application of remote sensing observations in order to advance scientific understanding of the Earth. In 2011 and 2012 he was on a leave of absence from the University to serve as the Chief Scientist at NASA. In this role he oversaw the full portfolio of NASA science activities and served as advisor on agency science matters to the NASA Administrator and NASA leadership. His research has focused on the study of polar ice cover using satellite and airborne instruments. During his initial tenure at NASA from 1998-2008 held a variety of positions in the areas of scientific research, program management, scientific management, mission science oversight, etc. Prior to his joining NASA, he worked as an engineer in the aerospace industry. Dr. Abdalati received a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Syracuse University in 1986, a M.S. in Aerospace Engineering and a Ph.D. in Geography from the University of Colorado in 1991 and 1996 respectively.

Dr. Joyce E. Penner
University of Michigan

Dr. Joyce E. Penner is the Ralph J. Cicerone Distinguished University Professor of Atmospheric Science and Director of the Laboratory for Atmospheric Science and Environmental Research. Dr. Penner?s research focuses on improving climate models through the addition of interactive chemistry and the description of aerosols and their direct and indirect effects on the radiation balance in climate models. She is interested in cloud and aerosol interactions and cloud microphysics, climate and climate change, and model development and interpretation. Dr. Penner has been a member of numerous advisory committees related to atmospheric chemistry, global change, and Earth science, including the United Nation?s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and, consequently, a co-winner of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. She was the coordinating lead author for IPCC (2001) Chapter 5 on aerosols and Report Coordinator for the 1999 IPCC report: Aviation and the Global Atmosphere. Dr. Penner received a B.A. in applied mathematics from the University of California, Santa Barbara, and her M.S. and Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics from Harvard University. She is currently a member of the NRC U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, as well as the Vice-Chair of the Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space. Prior NRC service includes being a member of the Space Studies Board, the planning committee for the Workshop on Uncertainty Management in Remote Sensing of Climate Data, and Panel on Climate Variability and Change for the 2007 decadal survey on Earth science and applications from space.

Dr. Lynn M. Russell
Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Dr. Lynn M. Russell is Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry at Scripps Institution of Oceanography on the faculty of University of California at San Diego, where she has led the Climate Sciences Curricular Group since 2009. Her research is in the area of aerosol particle chemistry, including the behavior of particles from both biogenic and combustion processes. Her research group pursues both modeling and measurement studies of atmospheric aerosols, using the combination of these approaches to advance our understanding of fundamental processes that affect atmospheric aerosols. She completed her undergraduate work at Stanford University, and she received her Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology for her studies of marine aerosols. Her postdoctoral work as part of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Advanced Studies Program investigated aerosol and trace gas flux and entrainment in the marine boundary layer. She served on the faculty of Princeton University in the Department of Chemical Engineering before accepting her current position at Scripps in 2003. She has been honored with young investigator awards from ONR, NASA, Dreyfus Foundation, NSF, and the James S. McDonnell Foundation, and she received the Kenneth T. Whitby Award from AAAR (2003) for her contributions on atmospheric aerosol processes and the Princeton Rheinstein Award for excellence in teaching and scholarship (1998).

Dr. Steven P. Hamburg
Environmental Defense Fund

Dr. Steven P. Hamburg is Chief Scientist at Environmental Defense Fund. He is an Ecosystem Ecologist specializing in the impacts of disturbance on forest structure and function. He has served as an advisor to both corporations and non-governmental organizations on ecological and climate change mitigation issues. Previously, he spent 16 years as a tenured member of the Brown University faculty and was founding Director of the Global Environment Program at the Watson Institute for International Studies. Dr. Hamburg is the Co-Chair of the Royal Society?s Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative and a member of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Advisory Committee on Research, Economics, Extension and Education. He has been the recipient of several awards, including recognition by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as contributing to its award of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. Dr. Hamburg earned a Ph.D. in Forest Ecology from Yale University.

RADM David W. Titley, USN [Ret.]
Pennsylvania State University

Dr. David Titley is a nationally known expert in the field of climate, the Arctic, and National Security. He served as a naval officer for 32 years and rose to the rank of Rear Admiral. Dr. Titley?s career included duties as Oceanographer and Navigator of the Navy and Deputy Assistant Chief of Naval Operations for Information Dominance. While serving in the Pentagon, Dr. Titley initiated and led the US Navy?s Task Force on Climate Change. After retiring from the Navy, Dr. Titley served as the Deputy Undersecretary of Commerce for Operations, the Chief Operating Officer position at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Dr. Titley has spoken across the country and throughout the world on the importance of climate change as it relates to National Security. He was invited to present on behalf of the Department of Defense at both Congressional Hearings and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) meetings from 2009 to 2011. He has presented a TEDx talk on climate change and speaks regularly on this topic at Universities across the country. He currently serves on the Advisory Board of the Center of Climate and Security based in Washington DC. Dr. Titley holds a Bachelor of Science in meteorology from the Pennsylvania State University. From the Naval Postgraduate School, he earned a Master of Science in meteorology and physical oceanography, and a Ph.D. in meteorology. He was elected a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society in 2009 and was awarded an honorary Doctorate from the University of Alaska, Fairbanks.

Dr. Ken Caldeira
Carnegie Institution of Washington

Dr. Ken Caldeira is a senior member of the Carnegie Institution?s Department of Global Ecology staff and a Professor, by courtesy, in Stanford?s Environmental Earth System Sciences department. Dr. Caldeira has a wide-spectrum approach to analyzing the world?s climate systems. He studies the global carbon cycle; marine biogeochemistry and chemical oceanography, including ocean acidification and the atmosphere/ocean carbon cycle; land-cover and climate change; the long-term evolution of climate and geochemical cycles; and energy technology. He was a co-author of the 2010 US National Academy America's Climate Choices report. He participated in the UK Royal Society geoengineering panel in 2009 and ocean acidification panel in 2005. He was a lead author of the 2007 U.S. "State of the Carbon Cycle" Report. Caldeira was invited by the National Academy of Sciences Ocean Studies Board to deliver the 2007 Roger Revelle Lecture, "What Coral Reefs Are Dying to Tell Us About CO2 and Ocean Acidification." In 2010, Caldeira was elected Fellow of the American Geophysical Union.