Committee Membership Information

Study Title:

Increasing National Resilience to Hazards and Disasters

Study Director:

Dr. Susan L. Cutter - (Chair)
University of South Carolina

Susan L. Cutter, Chair, is a Carolina Distinguished Professor of Geography at the University of South Carolina, and director of the university's Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute. Her primary research interests are in the area of vulnerability/resiliency science -- what makes people and the places where they live vulnerable to extreme events and how vulnerability and reslience are measured, monitored, and assessed. She has authored or edited 12 books, and more than 100 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters. Dr. Cutter has also led post-event field studies of the role of geographic information technologies in rescue and relief operations in the September 11th World Trade Center attack and studies of evacuation behavior from Three Mile Island (1979), Hurricane Floyd (1999), and the Graniteville, South Carolina, train derailment and chlorine spill (2005). She led a Hurricane Katrina post-event field team to coastal Mississippi (2006) and since then has been studying the community differences in long-term recovery of the Mississippi coast. She has provided expert testimony to Congress on hazards and vulnerability and was a member of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Interagency Performance Evaluation Taskforce that evaluated the social impacts of the New Orleans and Southeast Louisiana Hurricane Protection System in response to Hurricane Katrina. She has authored a Trends and Outlook report for the US Army Corps of Engineers on Natural and Human-Induced Disasters and other Factors Affecting Future Emergency Response and Hazard Management. Dr. Cutter serves on many national advisory boards and committees, including those of the National Research Council, American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Science Foundation, Natural Hazards Center, and the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment. She is a member of the International Council for Science's Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Scientific Committee. She is also a coordinating lead author of Chapter 5 of the IPCC Special Report on "Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation." Dr. Cutter serves as co-executive editor of Environment and is an associate editor of Weather, Climate, and Society. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and past president of the Association of American Geographers. Dr. Cutter is currently president of the Consortium of Social Science Associations. In 2006, Dr. Cutter was the recipient of the Decade of Behavior Research Award given by a multidisciplinary consortium of more than 50 national and international scientific organizations in the social and behavioral sciences. Dr. Cutter holds the MunichRe Foundation Chair (2009-2012) on Social Vulnerability through the United Nations University-Institute for Environment and Human Security, in Bonn, Germany. She received her B.A. from California State University, Hayward, and her M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.

Dr. Monica Schoch-Spana
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Monica Schoch-Spana, a medical anthropologist, is a Senior Associate with the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) and an Assistant Professor in the School of Medicine Division of Infectious Diseases. The Biosecurity Center works to affect policy and practice in ways that lessen the illness, death, and civil disruption that would follow large-scale epidemics, whether they occur naturally or result from the use of a biological weapon. She has led research, education and advocacy efforts to encourage greater consideration by authorities of the general public's capacity to confront bioattacks and epidemics constructively. In 2009, she organized the national conference Resilient American Communities: Progress in Policy and Practice, and chaired the Resilience Research Work Group. In 2006, she oversaw the Working Group on Citizen Engagement in Health Emergency Planning, and was the principal organizer for the U.S.-Canada summit on Disease, Disaster & Democracy -- The Public's Stake in Health Emergency Planning. In 2003, she organized the national meeting, Leadership during Bioterrorism: The Public as an Asset, Not a Problem, and chaired the Working Group on "Governance Dilemmas" in Bioterrorism Response that issued consensus recommendations to mayors, governors, and top health officials nationwide in 2004. For over 10 years, Schoch-Spana has briefed numerous federal, state and local officials, as well as medical, public health, and public safety professionals on critical issues in biosecurity. National advisory roles include serving on the Steering Committee of the Disaster Roundtable of the National Research Council (NRC), the Institute of Medicine Standing Committee on Medical Readiness, and the NRC Committee to Review the Department of Homeland Security's Approach to Risk Analysis. She serves on the faculty for the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), a university-based center of excellence supported by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. In 2003, Dr. Schoch-Spana helped establish the Biosecurity Center of UPMC; prior to that she worked at the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies starting in 1998. She received her Ph.D. in Cultural Anthropology from Johns Hopkins University and B.A. from Bryn Mawr College.

Dr. Michael F. Goodchild
University of California, Santa Barbara

Michael F. Goodchild (NAS) is a professor of geography and director of the Center for Spatial Studies and Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is also chair of the Executive Committee of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and associate director of the Alexandria Digital Library. He taught at the University of Western Ontario for 19 years before moving to his present position in 1988. His research interests focus on the issues of geographic information, including accuracy and the modeling of uncertainty, the design of spatial decision support systems, the development of methods of spatial analysis, and data structures for global geographic information systems. He has explored using digital information gathered by remote sensing satellites to create spatial and environmental models of the planet, make maps, and create digital libraries of geographic information that can be widely accessed electronically. He has also developed mathematical models to help quantify the difference between these geographic measurements and the reality of the world outside, so that geographic information can be accurately used. His research also includes digital libraries and problems associated with search, retrieval, and use of geographic information over the Internet; the potential for novel kinds of fieldwork enabled by fully mobile, wirelessly connected, and even wearable information technology; and the role of geographic information technologies in science and policy making. He has received several awards and published numerous books and journal articles. A member of the National Academy of Sciences, he has served on numerous National Research Council study and standing committees as both member and chair. He received a B.A. in physics from Cambridge University and a Ph.D. in geography from McMaster University.

Mr. Joseph A. Ahearn
CH2M Hill, Inc.

Joseph A. "Bud" Ahearn (NAE) is a recently retired senior executive at CH2M HILL, where he was an executive leader in the engineering business lines of transportation, environment, water, industrial design, and related infrastructure. During his 18-year career at CH2M HILL, he served as Vice Chairman of the Board with responsibilities for strategic planning, governmental affairs, strategic communications, and leadership development, and also served in several other capacities including Transportation Business Group President, Eastern Region Manager, Senior Vice President, Federal Programs Director, and Principal-In-Charge for two major transportation corridor projects in California. Prior to joining CH2M HILL, Mr. Ahearn had a distinguished military career spanning three decades, where he achieved the rank of Major General in the U.S. Air Force. During his 34 years with the Department of Defense, General Ahearn was responsible for shaping financial strategy, developing budgets, and executing infrastructure programs totaling more than $7 billion annually. As the Senior Civil Engineer for the U.S. Air Force, he directed the operational readiness and natural disaster response of U.S. Air Force combat engineers and the development and operations of all U.S. air bases around the world. Dedicated to advancing engineering education and providing sustainable systems and services in the developing countries, he is a founding sponsor and governing board director of Engineers Without Borders U.S.A. Committed to strengthening the engineering profession, he is an active Distinguished Member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), ASCE's Industry Leaders Council (ILC), the National Academy of Engineering, and the National Academy of Construction (NAC). In addition to numerous military awards, General Ahearn received the Air Force Order of the Sword, the highest honor the Noncommissioned Officer Corps of the U.S. Air Force can bestow, the University of Notre Dame College of Engineering Honor Award for professional achievement, and the Newman Medal from the Society of American Military Engineers (SAME) for outstanding military engineering achievement in Europe. He was also recipient of the SAME Golden Eagle award for lifetime achievement and was named an Honorary Member of the American Institute of Architects.

Dr. Howard C. Kunreuther
University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School of Business

Howard Kunreuther is the Cecilia Yen Koo Professor of Decision Sciences and Public Policy at the Wharton School, Co-Director of the Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center. He has a long-standing interest in ways that society can better manage low-probability/high-consequence events related to technological and natural hazards and has published widely in these areas. Dr. Kunreuther is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and recently served as a member of the National Academy of Sciences Panel on Adaptation Strategies for Climate Change. He is a Distinguished Fellow of the Society for Risk Analysis, receiving the Society's Distinguished Achievement Award in 2001. He co-chaired the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council on "Innovation and Leadership in Reducing Risks from Natural Disasters"and is a member of the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council on Humanitarian Assistance, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's High Level Advisory Board on Financial Management of Large-Scale Catastrophes. His most recent books are At War with the Weather (with Erwann Michel-Kerjan) (July 2009, MIT Press), and Learning from Catastrophes: Strategies for Reaction and Response (with Michael Useem) (December 2009, Wharton School Publishing). He received his A.B. in economics from Bates College and his Ph.D. in economics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Dr. Gene Whitney
Congressional Research Service

Gene Whitney is Energy Research Manager for the Congressional Research Service at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. Previously, he was Assistant Director for Environment at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). His work at OSTP focused on the science and technology policy aspects of earth sciences, natural hazards and disasters, energy, water, land remote sensing, environment, and natural resources. He served as Co-Chair of the U.S. Group on Earth Observations and was OSTP liaison to the U.S. Climate Change Science Program. He directed the Future of Land Imaging Interagency Working Group, and served as National Science Technology Council director for the Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction and the Subcommittee on Water Availability and Quality. Dr. Whitney coordinated the Federal interagency science and technology portfolio for the United States in UNESCO. He served as a member of the Joint U.S.-Canada Task Force investigating the massive electrical blackout of August 14, 2003 in the northeastern U.S. and southern Canada, and worked with the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology on national energy efficiency policy. Prior to OSTP Dr. Whitney was Chief Scientist for the USGS Energy Resources Team, where he managed the energy research and assessment group, conducting basic research on the geology, geochemistry, and geophysics of fossil fuels, conducting national and global assessments of oil, natural gas, and coal resources, and assessing availability and economics of fossil fuels. He has authored or co-authored numerous scientific papers and abstracts. He received an NRC postdoctoral fellowship at NASA/JPL and was awarded a senior postdoctoral fellowship at Ecole Normale Superieur in Paris. His international experience includes working with the governments of China, Russia, Pakistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, and Japan on energy and mineral resource issues. Dr. Whitney received his Ph.D. in geology from the University of Illinois.

Dr. Susan C. Scrimshaw
The Sage Colleges

Susan C. Scrimshaw (IOM) is president of The Sage Colleges. She moved to Sage after serving as President of Simmons College. Dr. Scrimshaw was formerly dean of the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) School of Public Health and professor of community health sciences and anthropology at UIC. Under her leadership, the UIC School of Public Health established a wide range of community, regional, and national partnership initiatives, including addressing disparities in the delivery of health care, improving pregnancy outcomes, maternal and child health, healthy aging, violence prevention, cancer prevention, AIDS/STD prevention, and occupational and environmental health issues. While dean of the School of Public Health, she led the school in a national role in responding to the September 11 terrorist attacks. Her own interdisciplinary research has focused on gender, race, ethnicity, and culture, and their impact on public health and includes community participatory research methods, addressing health disparities, improving pregnancy outcomes, violence prevention, health literacy, and culturally appropriate delivery of health care. She has been frequently honored for her work in raising awareness of public health issues around the world, including minority populations in the United States. Her awards include a gold medal as a "Hero of Public Health" presented by the president of Mexico, and the Margaret Mead Award of the American Anthropological Association. She is the author of five books or monographs and 65 journal articles and book chapters. She is past president of the Society for Medical Anthropology, a member and past chair of the national Association of Schools of Public Health, and a member of the board of directors of the U.S.-Mexico Foundation for Science, which advocates for scientific collaboration between the two countries. She was a founding member of the task force on Community Preventive Services of the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2006, she was awarded the Illinois Public Health Association's highest honor, the 2006 Distinguished Service Award, in recognition of her distinguished service in research, teaching, and public health practice. She is a member of the governing council of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies and has served on several of its panels and boards. She recently chaired the Institute of Medicine's committee on Improving the Health of Diverse Populations. Dr. Scrimshaw is a fellow of the American Association of the Advancement of Science.

Dr. Bernard Amadei
University of Colorado at Boulder

Bernard Amadei (NAE) is Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Colorado at Boulder. His main research and teaching interests have initially been in rock mechanics and engineering geology. Dr. Amadei's research interests cover the topics of sustainability and international development. At the University, he directs the Mortenson Center in Engineering for Developing Communities that has an overall mission to educate globally responsible engineering students and professionals to offer sustainable and appropriate solutions to the endemic problems faced by developing communities. His research at the University of Colorado has been multidisciplinary. He has also provided consulting services to various engineering companies and organizations around the world. The Founding President of Engineers Without Borders - USA and co-founder of Engineers Without Borders-International, Dr. Amadei's goal is to promote sustainable development, appropriate technology, service learning, and system thinking in the curriculum and research of civil and environmental engineering programs at University of Colorado Boulder and other U.S. universities. He has co-authored several books and approximately 160 technical papers. Dr. Amadei is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received his MaSc degree in civil engineering from the University of Toronto and his Ph.D. in civil engineering from the University of California, Berkeley.

Mr. Patrick Crawford
Feeding America

Patrick Crawford coordinates disaster preparedness and relief efforts for the Feeding America Network. His responsibilities include collaborating with national partners in the emergency management and non-profit communities to insure effective collection and distribution of donated food items following disaster. Mr. Crawford also directs internal operations during disaster by coordinating among several Feeding America Departments including Logistics, Food Sourcing, Philanthropy, Communications, and Government Relations and directly with the over 200 food banks throughout the network. Prior to joining Feeding America, Mr. Crawford served as the Director of the Midwest Region for James Lee Witt Associates (JLWA), a crisis and consequence management firm, where he led efforts in emergency preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation and provided strategic counsel and government relations advice to mitigate future flood losses near the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. Mr. Crawford worked for over 16 years with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in crisis and consequence management, including responses to floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, wildfires, and acts of terrorism. At FEMA he worked extensively in the Gulf Region, following the catastrophic Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, and in FEMA's Region 9 (covering California, Arizona, Nevada, Hawaii, and U.S. territories in the Pacific), where he worked directly with state and local governments to build emergency response, recovery, mitigation, and preparedness capacity. Mr. Crawford served as a Captain in the U.S. Army Chemical Corps where his primary responsibility was to insure unit readiness with regard to Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical defense activities. He received his B.A. in government from the University of Notre Dame and his M.A. in education from Loyola College of Maryland.

Dr. Meredith Li-Vollmer
Public Health - Seattle & King County

Meredith Li-Vollmer is a risk communication specialist for Public Health -- Seattle & King County, where she leads planning for communications during emergencies, with a particular focus on strengthening the capacity of public health to reach those most at-risk during emergencies. In this role, she conducts audience research, directs public engagement projects, and develops strategies and materials for public outreach. In 2009, she directed a CDC-funded Public Engagement Project on Medical Service Prioritization during an Influenza Pandemic and presented the findings to a workshop of the Institute of Medicine. More recently, she led a local public engagement project on H1N1 vaccine. Meredith is also a researcher with the University of Washington Preparedness & Emergency Response Research Center and a clinical assistant professor at the University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine. Her work has received multiple awards, including the Model Practice Award from the National Association of City and County Health Officials (NACCHO) and the Gold Award for Excellence from the National Public Health Information Coalition. Prior to joining Public Health -- Seattle & King County, Meredith taught communications at the University of Washington. She received her Ph.D. in Communication from the University of Washington.

Dr. Mary Lou Zoback
Risk Management Solutions, Inc.

Mary Lou Zoback [NAS] is currently Vice President, Earthquake Risk Applications with Risk Management Solutions in Newark, CA. RMS is the world's leading catastrophe modeling firm. Her responsibilities at RMS include leading initiatives on the significance of risk quantification for expanding the societal role of earthquake insurance, disaster management, and risk reduction activities worldwide. She is also working to build consensus among experts to develop high-quality earthquake source and earthquake risk models for new regions of the world. She previously served as Chief Scientist of the USGS Earthquake Hazards team in Menlo Park, CA, and also as Regional Coordinator for the Northern California Earthquake Hazards Program. From 2003-2006 she was Chair of the Steering Committee for the 1906 Earthquake Centennial Alliance, a non-profit promoting public outreach on seismic safety and coordinating more than 280 groups and organizations that put on events to commemorate the 1906 earthquake. She has served on numerous national committees and panels on topics ranging from defining the next generation of Earth observations from space, storage of high-level radioactive waste, facilitating interdisciplinary research, and science education. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a past-President of the Geological Society of America. She is the recipient of the 2007 GSA Day Medal, 2007 GSA Public Service Award, the "Leadership, Innovation, and Outstanding Accomplishments in Earthquake Risk Reduction" Award from the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (2006), and the AGU Macelwane Award for Young Scientists (1987). She joined the USGS in 1978 after receiving her BS, MS and Ph.D. in geophysics from Stanford University.

Mr. Ellis M. Stanley, Sr.

Ellis M. Stanley, Sr. is Vice President of Western Emergency Management Services at Dewberry LLC. Prior to joining Dewberry, Mr. Stanley served as General Manager of the City of Los Angeles Emergency Preparedness Department, where he worked for 10 years. With 35 years of experience in the emergency management field, Mr. Stanley has worked at four national political conventions, the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta and the 1994 Papal visit and World Youth Conference in Denver. He has served as past president of the International Association of Emergency Managers and has led delegations of emergency management professionals to China, Japan and other countries. A member of the National Research Council's Disasters Roundtable, he received his B.A. in political science from the University of North Carolina.

Dr. Gerald E. Galloway, Jr.
University of Maryland, College Park

Gerald E. Galloway, Jr. (NAE) is the Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering and an affiliate professor of Public Policy at the University of Maryland, College Park. His 38-year career in the military included positions such as commander of the Army Corps of Engineers District in Vicksburg, Mississippi, and professor and founding head of the Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering and dean of the Academic Board at the U.S. Military Academy. He was promoted to bridadier general in 1990 and retired from active duty in 1995. A civil engineer, public administrator, and geographer, Dr. Galloway's current research focuses on the development of U.S. national water policy in general and national floodplain management policy in particular. He is a currently a member of the National Research Council's Water Science and Technology Board and the Disasters Roundtable. A member of the National Academy of Engineering, Dr. Galloway earned his M.S.E. at Princeton and his Ph.D. in geography (specializing in water resources) from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.