Disaster Mitigation, Planning, and Preparation: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 36 - 40 of 915

Refinements to the Methods for Developing Spacecraft Exposure Guidelines (2016)

Human spaceflight is inherently risky, with numerous potential hazards posed at each phase of a mission. Some of the potential health risks arise from the effects of microgravity on the body and from the environmental conditions associated with living and working in spacecraft. Several hundred chemicals are likely to be found in the closed environment of the spacecraft, and as the frequency, complexity, and duration of human spaceflight... More >>

Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document (2016)

This report reviews a draft update to the U.S. Global Change Research Program's 2012 Strategic Plan, finding that overall the Program is moving forward well and that the draft Update identifies a number of critical research questions and strategies to address needs for science-based information on global change. However, the report notes that the draft Update does not yet outline priorities for meeting urgent information needs, nor does i... More >>

Reducing the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium in Civilian Research Reactors (2016)

Since 1978, U.S. policy and programs have sought to minimize or phase out the use of highly enriched uranium fuel in civilian research and test reactors around the world to prevent the misuse of the fuel to make nuclear weapons. Despite some progress, converting the remaining research reactors to less proliferation-prone low enriched uranium fuel has proven to be a slow process. This report identifies successes and challenges that remain in th... More >>

Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences (2015)

Transformative research drives science forward by redefining entire fields of study, forming new research communities, and even launching new industries. Such research brings great rewards, but also carries risks for funding agencies that are challenged to identify, at their earliest stages, those projects that have the potential to yield transformative results. By reviewing how transformative research emerged in the past, the report identifie... More >>

Report in Brief

Using Graywater and Stormwater to Enhance Local Water Supplies: An Assessment of Risks, Costs, and Benefits (2015)

Graywater and stormwater capture and use can expand local water availability while providing additional benefits, such as reduced water pollution (for stormwater) and a drought-resistant year-round water supply (for graywater). Treatment can help address contaminants in the water, but a lack of risk-based treatment guidelines hinders the broader use of stormwater and graywater, this report finds. There is no single best way to use graywater o... More >>

Report in Brief