Environmental Quality, Health, and Management: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 341 - 345 of 927

Respiratory Diseases Research at NIOSH (2008)

Respiratory diseases caused by exposures to dangerous materials in the workplace have tremendous implications for worker health and, by extension, the national economy. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) estimates that deaths from work-related respiratory diseases and cancers account for about 70% of all occupational disease deaths. NIOSH conducts research in order to detect and reduce work-related hazardou... More >>

Report in Brief

2008 Amendments to the National Academies' Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research (2008)

This report offers amended guidelines for research involving human embryonic stem cells. It is the second set of amendments to be issued to clarify and update the National Academies' Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research, which have served as the basis for oversight of this research in the United States since 2005. Its authoring committee was convened by the National Research Council to monitor scientific advances and evaluate th... More >>

Evaluating Research Efficiency in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2008)

A new report from the National Research Council recommends changes in how the federal government evaluates the efficiency of research at EPA and other agencies. Assessing efficiency should be considered only one part of gauging a program's quality, relevance, and effectiveness. The efficiency of research processes and that of investments should be evaluated using different approaches. Investment efficiency should examine whether an agency'... More >>

Recognition and Alleviation of Distress in Laboratory Animals (2008)

Many scientific advancements in biomedical research would not be possible without the use of laboratory animals. Proper care of animals used in research has been an ongoing priority for the scientific community, and there are many laws and regulations that govern the use of animals in research. It has become more widely recognized that animals may experience distress in a laboratory setting, and that this distress may interfere with the animal'... More >>

Report in Brief

Technical Input on Any Additional Studies to Assess Risk Associated with Operation of the National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratory, Boston University: A Letter Report (2008)

When developing additional risk assessment studies for the proposed biocontainment laboratory to be located in Boston, the National Institutes of Health should consider scenarios for a variety of agents with diverse transmission characteristics and utilize available data to develop probabilities for release consequences, using either qualitative approaches or quantitative models. More >>