Environmental Quality, Health, and Management: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 346 - 350 of 941

Managing Health Effects of Beryllium Exposure (2008)

Beryllium is an important metal that is used in a number of industries. Its exceptional strength, stability, and heat-absorbing capability make it ideal for use in a variety of technologies; it is found in missile, satellite, and radar systems; nuclear devices; aircraft and heavy machinery; some x-ray machines; cellular-telephone and computer components; and connectors for fiber optics. However, beryllium has also been recognized as a... More >>

Evaluation of the Multifunction Phased Array Radar Planning Process (2008)

Approximately 150 ground-based radars currently provide most of the weather surveillance data in the United States; other radar networks provide surveillance for civil aviation and other important airspace surveillance functions. However, many of the radars in these networks are aging--some equipment is more than 40 years old--prompting several government agencies to undertake planning for upgrades or replacements of these systems. At th... More >>

The Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation (2008)

This report explores the consequences of climate change for U.S. transportation infrastructure and operations. The report provides an overview of the scientific consensus on the current and future climate changes of particular relevance to U.S. transportation, including the limits of present scientific understanding as to their precise timing, magnitude, and geographic location; identifies potential impacts on U.S. transportation and adaptatio... More >>

Review of Federal Strategy for Nanotechnology-Related Environmental, Health, and Safety Research (2008)

Over the next decade, nanomaterials will be used increasingly in products ranging from medical therapies to food additives to electronics. The U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) coordinates federal agency investments in nanoscale research and development, including activities related to understanding the potential risks to public health and the environment. This report, conducted at the request of the U.S. National Nanotechnolog... More >>

Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States (2008)

National interests in greater energy independence, concurrent with favorable market forces, have driven increased production of corn-based ethanol in the United States and research into the next generation of biofuels. The trend is changing the national agricultural landscape and has raised concerns about potential impacts on the nation's water resources. To help illuminate these issues, the National Research Council held a colloquium on Jul... More >>

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