Environmental Quality, Health, and Management: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 351 - 355 of 930

Strategic Guidance for the National Science Foundation's Support of the Atmospheric Sciences (2007)

The National Science Foundation's Division of Atmospheric Sciences (ATM) supports research to develop new understanding of Earth's atmosphere and how the Sun impacts it. Strategic Guidance for the National Science Foundation's Support of the Atmospheric Sciences provides guidance to ATM on its strategy for achieving its goals in the atmospheric sciences, including cutting-edge research, education and workforce development, service to society... More >>

Benchmarking the Competitiveness of the United States in Mechanical Engineering Basic Research (2007)

Mechanical engineering is critical to the design, manufacture, and operation of small and large mechanical systems throughout the U.S. economy. This report highlights the main findings of a benchmarking exercise to rate the standing of U.S. mechanical engineering basic research relative to other regions or countries, key factors that influence U.S. performance in mechanical engineering research, and near- and longer-term projections of researc... More >>

Report in Brief

Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants: Sheep, Goats, Cervids, and New World Camelids (2007)

Updating two previous National Research Council publications, this report provides an evaluation of the scientific literature on the nutrient requirements of sheep, goats, and other small ruminants in all stages of life. Proper formulation of diet for small ruminants to maintain good health depends on adequate knowledge of their nutrient requirements. The report provides information on how nutrient requirements vary depending on the breed an... More >>

Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises (2007)

Each year, millions of people around the world are displaced by natural or human-induced disasters and social conflicts resulting in humanitarian crises. The South Asian earthquake and tsunami in 2004, Hurricane Katrina in 2005, and the ongoing conflict in Darfur are recent, highly publicized examples. Response and relief efforts are often hampered by a lack of good population data. Relief workers need estimates of the numbers and exac... More >>

Report in Brief

Health Effects of Beryllium Exposure: A Literature Review (2007)

Beryllium alloys are used across a range of industries. At the request of the U.S. Air Force, the National Research Council conducted a literature review focused on the inhalation effects of beryllium. Recent toxicologic and epidemiologic evidence suggests that long-term exposure can lead to chronic beryllium disease that affects the lungs and poses both cancer and noncancer risks. A separate, upcoming report will examine what levels of chroni... More >>