Environmental Quality, Health, and Management: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

Search all reports

To search for an exact phrase, use quotation marks (i.e., “Earth and life”)
Showing results 351 - 355 of 915

Colorado River Basin Water Management: Evaluating and Adjusting to Hydroclimatic Variability (2007)

Recent studies of past climate and streamflow conditions have broadened understanding of long-term water availability in the Colorado River, revealing many periods when streamflow was lower than at any time in the past 100 years of recorded flows. That information, along with two important trends -- a rapid increase in urban populations in the West and significant climate warming in the region -- will require that water managers prepare fo... More >>

Report in Brief

Countering the Threat of Improvised Explosive Devices: Basic Research Opportunities, Abbreviated Version (2007)

Attacks in London, Madrid, Bali, Oklahoma City and other places indicate that improvised explosive devices (IEDs) are among the weapons of choice of terrorists throughout the world. Scientists and engineers have developed various technologies that have been used to counter individual IED attacks, but events in Iraq and elsewhere indicate that the effectiveness of IEDs as weapons of asymmetric warfare remains. The Office of Naval Research ha... More >>

Coal: Research and Development to Support National Energy Policy (2007)

Coal provides nearly a quarter of U.S. energy supplies and is used to generate more than half of the nation's electricity. Although future use of coal may be impacted by regulation of carbon dioxide emissions, coal demand is expected to increase over the next 10-15 years. At the request of Congress, the National Research Council conducted a study to examine R&D funding needs to support such "upstream" aspects of coal mining as worker safety... More >>

Report in Brief

Protecting Building Occupants and Operations from Biological and Chemical Airborne Threats: A Framework for Decision Making (2007)

Protecting buildings and their occupants from biological and chemical attacks to ensure continuous building operations is seen as an urgent need in the Department of Defense, given recent technological advances and the changing threats. Toward this end, the Department of Defense established the Immune Building Program to develop protective systems to deter biological and chemical attacks on military facilities and minimize the impacts of attack... More >>

Report in Brief

Advancing Nuclear Medicine Through Innovation (2007)

The variety of technologies and procedures that comprise nuclear medicine are now a routine and vital part of diagnosing cancers, cardiovascular disease, and certain neurological disorders, as well as treating some cancers. At the request of the Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health, the National Research Council assembled a committee to review the current state of the science in nuclear medicine, identify futur... More >>

Report in Brief