Environmental Health: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 71

Progress Toward Restoring the Everglades: The Seventh Biennial Review - 2018 (2018)

Over the past two years, impressive progress has been made in planning new Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) projects, and the vision for CERP water storage is now becoming clear. Construction and completion of authorized CERP projects will likely take several decades, and at this pace of restoration, it is even more imperative that agencies anticipate and design for the Everglades of the future. CERP agencies should conduct ... More >>

Monitoring and Sampling Approaches to Assess Underground Coal Mine Dust Exposures (2018)

Coal mine dust lung disease continues to be an important and complex problem affecting coal miners in the United States. Although the number of cases dropped precipitously since the late 1960s, an increase in the prevalence and severity of the disease has been documented since about 2000. Reliable information on respirable coal mine dust (RCMD) exposures in underground coal mines is crucial for predicting, reducing, and preventing mine workers... More >>

Report in Brief

Progress Toward Transforming the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Program: A 2018 Evaluation (2018)

This study concludes that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) program, which is used to assess the hazards posed by environmental contaminants, has made "substantial progress" in implementing recommendations outlined in past reports by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. In a 2014 report, the National Academies concluded the program had improved significantly sinc... More >>

Environmental Chemicals, the Human Microbiome, and Health Risk: A Research Strategy (2017)

The human microbiome is composed of a great number of diverse microorganisms that inhabit the human body. Until recently, the role of the microbiome in maintaining human health was not fully appreciated. Today, however, scientists are beginning to explain the important roles that it might play in a wide array of diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, and inflammatory bowel disease. Recent studies have indicated that the human microbiome ca... More >>

Report in Brief

Progress Toward Restoring the Everglades: The Sixth Biennial Review, 2016 (2016)

Sixteen years into the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Program, several project components are completed or nearing completion and are beginning to yield measurable results, especially in terms of creating hydrologic conditions increasingly similar to pre-drainage flows. This sixth biennial review of the $16.4 billion CERP project finds that, although measurable progress is being made, there is insufficient attention on radically changin... More >>

Report in Brief