Environmental Health: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 67

Progress Toward Restoring the Everglades: The Sixth Biennial Review, 2016 (2016)

Sixteen years into the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Program, several project components are completed or nearing completion and are beginning to yield measurable results, especially in terms of creating hydrologic conditions increasingly similar to pre-drainage flows. This sixth biennial review of the $16.4 billion CERP project finds that, although measurable progress is being made, there is insufficient attention on radically changin... More >>

Report in Brief

Refinements to the Methods for Developing Spacecraft Exposure Guidelines (2016)

Human spaceflight is inherently risky, with numerous potential hazards posed at each phase of a mission. Some of the potential health risks arise from the effects of microgravity on the body and from the environmental conditions associated with living and working in spacecraft. Several hundred chemicals are likely to be found in the closed environment of the spacecraft, and as the frequency, complexity, and duration of human spaceflight... More >>

Application of Modern Toxicology Approaches for Predicting Acute Toxicity for Chemical Defense (2015)

The US Department of Defense (DOD) is faced with an overwhelming task in evaluating chemicals that could potentially pose a threat to its deployed personnel. There are over 84,000 registered chemicals, and testing them with traditional toxicity-testing methods is not feasible in terms of time or money. In recent years, there has been a concerted effort to develop new approaches to toxicity testing that incorporate advances in systems biology... More >>

Progress Toward Restoring the Everglades: The Fifth Biennial Review, 2014 (2014)

Despite exceptional project planning accomplishments, over the past two years progress toward restoring the Everglades has been slowed by frustrating financial and procedural constraints. The Central Everglades Planning Project is an impressive strategy to accelerate Everglades restoration and avert further degradation by increasing water flow to the ecosystem. However, timely authorization, funding, and creative policy and implementatio... More >>

Report in Brief

Progress Toward Restoring the Everglades: The Fourth Biennial Review, 2012 (2012)

Twelve years into the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Project, little progress has been made in restoring the core of the remaining Everglades ecosystem; instead, most project construction so far has occurred along its periphery. To reverse ongoing ecosystem declines, it will be necessary to expedite restoration projects that target the central Everglades, and to improve both the quality and quantity of the water in the ecosystem. The ne... More >>

Report in Brief