Environmental Management: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 71 - 75 of 910

Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities (2014)

Microbial forensics has been defined as "a scientific discipline dedicated to analyzing evidence from a bioterrorism act, biocrime, or inadvertent microorganism or toxin release for attribution purposes," -- where attribution means determining "who did it." This emerging discipline seeks to offer investigators the tools and techniques to support efforts for attribution in the event of a suspicious release of a biological agent. But microbia... More >>

Report in Brief

Convergence: Facilitating Transdisciplinary Integration of Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Engineering, and Beyond (2014)

New biofuels, 3-D printing of human tissues, and more precise drug delivery systems are just a few examples of innovations that combine insights and approaches from the life and health sciences with those from the physical, mathematical, and computational sciences and engineering. This report focuses on the need for “convergence”—an approach to problem solving that integrates the knowledge, tools, and ways of thinking from multiple disciplines... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of EPA's Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Process (2014)

At the request of Congress, this study evaluates EPA's progress in responding to recommendations from the National Research Council for improving the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) process, which is the program responsible for developing toxicologic assessments of chemical contaminants in the environment. The study finds that the changes to the IRIS process that EPA has proposed and implemented to various degrees constitute substantia... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Environmental Protection Agency's State-of-the-Science Evaluation of Nonmonotonic Dose-Response Relationships as they Apply to Endocrine Disrupters (2014)

Potential health effects of endocrine-disrupting chemicals raise an environmental health concern about the chemicals' ability to interfere with normal hormone function in humans and wildlife. Some research on endocrine disruptors has identified nonmonotonic dose–response relationships; that is, lower doses are not always associated with smaller responses, nor higher doses with larger responses. Nonmonotonic dose–response curves have been ... More >>

The Arctic in the Anthropocene: Emerging Research Questions (2014)

With rapid change unfolding throughout the Arctic, the need for actionable Arctic science has never been greater. A warming climate is reshaping Arctic ecosystems, bringing changes such as the loss of sea ice and glaciers, thawing of permafrost, and changing snow patterns. These shifts challenge Arctic citizens who must adapt to new environmental conditions, and have significant global implications. This report identifies emerging researc... More >>

Report in Brief