Environmental Research: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 31

Research Progress on Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials (2013)

Nanomaterials-—materials just one billionth of a meter in size—have novel chemical and physical properties that make them useful for an array of products that range from cosmetics to medical therapies to electronics. The unique characteristics and behaviors of nanomaterials and uncertainties regarding how they interact with biologic systems have motivated research on the potential risks they pose to human health and the environment. Despite a... More >>

America's Climate Choices (2011)

This final America's Climate Choices report is the conclusion of a five-report series that included: Advancing the Science of Climate Change Limiting the Magnitude of Climate Change Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change Climate change is occurring, is very likely caused primarily by the emission of greenhouse gases from human activities, and poses significant risks for a range of human an... More >>

Report in Brief

Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change (2010)

Advancing the Science of Climate Change Limiting the Magnitude of Climate Change Adapting to the Impacts of Climate ChangeA five-video series on the America's Climate Choices project Demand for information to support climate-related decisions has grown as people, organizations, and governments have moved ahead with plans and actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Today, however, the natio... More >>

Report in Brief

Letter Report Assessing the WATERS Network Science Plan (2009)

A Water and Environmental Research Systems (WATERS) Network of hydrologic observatories has been proposed through the National Science Foundation to support research that could help address society's water management challenges (e.g., water quality, flood forecasting). The network, as envisioned, would include sensors at diverse sites across the United States and would enable the collection, analysis, and integration of hydrological... More >>

Nutrient Control Actions for Improving Water Quality in the Mississippi River Basin and Northern Gulf of Mexico (2009)

For more than two decades, a large area of oxygen-depleted water -- often referred to as a "dead zone" -- has appeared each year in the Gulf of Mexico. The dead zone is the result of algal growth fueled by excess nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, which flow into the Gulf from the Mississippi and Atchafalaya rivers from various sources -- including agriculture, municipal water treatment works, industries, and urban runoff. At th... More >>