Environmental Research: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 11 - 15 of 32

Models in Environmental Regulatory Decision Making (2007)

Many regulations issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are based on the results of computer models. Models help the EPA explain environmental phenomena in settings where direct observations are limited or unavailable, and anticipate the effects of agency policies on the environment, human health and the economy. Given the critical role played by models, the EPA asked the National Research Council to assess scientific issue... More >>

Plans and Practices for Groundwater Protection at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (2007)

Since the 1940s, the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in New Mexico--part of the nation's nuclear weapons complex under the U.S. Department of Energy--has disposed of its radioactive and other hazardous wastes on-site. Contaminants have been detected in groundwater beneath the site. This report assesses LANL's groundwater protection program, initiated nine years ago by New Mexico state law, which is now at about the halfway mark. Th... More >>

Earth Materials and Health: Research Priorities for Earth Science and Public Health (2007)

A range of natural earth materials, like arsenic or fluoride, have long been linked to significant human health effects. Improved understanding of the pervasive and complex interactions between earth materials and human health will require creative collaborations between earth scientists and public health professionals. At the request of the National Science Foundation, U.S. Geological Survey, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration... More >>

Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim report (2004)

The report outlines key elements to consider in designing a program to create climate-quality data from satellites. It examines historical attempts to create climate data records, provides advice on steps for generating, re-analyzing, and storing satellite climate data, and discusses the importance of partnering between agencies, academia, and industry. NOAA will use this report -- the first in a two-part study -- to draft an implementation pla... More >>

Report in Brief

Fair Weather: Effective Partnerships in Weather and Climate Services (2003)

The report examines the roles of the public, private, and academic sectors in providing weather and climate services, the barriers to interaction among the sectors, and the impact of scientific and technological advances on the weather enterprise. The report recommends that the National Weather Service should continue to issue general forecasts and provide unrestricted access to observational data and model results, even though private companie... More >>