Environmental Research: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

Search all reports

To search for an exact phrase, use quotation marks (i.e., “Earth and life”)
Showing results 21 - 25 of 32

Regional Issues in Aquifer Storage and Recovery for Everglades Restoration: A Review of the ASR Regional Study Project Management Plan of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (2002)

The report reviews a comprehensive research plan on Everglades restoration drafted by federal and Florida officials that assesses a central feature of the restoration: a proposal to drill more than 300 wells funneling up to 1.7 billion gallons of water a day into underground aquifers, where it would be stored and then pumped back to the surface to replenish the Everglades during dry periods. The report says that the research plan goes a long wa... More >>

Genetic Status of Atlantic Salmon in Maine: Interim Report (2002)

The once abundant, but now seriously depleted, Atlantic salmon in Maine were listed as endangered under the federal Endangered Species Act in November 2000. This report covers the wild fish in eight Maine rivers as a single "distinct population segment." The controversy in Maine that accompanied the listing led Congress to ask the National Academies' advice on the science relevant to understanding and reversin... More >>

Spills of Emulsified Fuels: Risks and Responses (2002)

As the demand for electricity grows, power generators are looking for alternative fuels and stable prices. Among the alternatives being considered are a group of multi-component fuels referred to as emulsified fuels. Orimulsion is an emulsified fuel composed of roughly 70 percent bitumen (a heavy tar-like mixture of hydrocarbons with 10 to more than 1,000 carbon atoms that occurs naturally or is obtained as highly viscous residues after refinin... More >>

Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science (2002)

The accuracy of chemical oceanographic measurements depends on calibration against reference materials to ensure comparability over time and among laboratories. Several key parameters lack reference materials for measurements in seawater, particles in the water column, and sediments. Without reference materials, it is difficult to produce the reliable data sets or long-term baseline studies that are essential to verify global change and oceani... More >>

Resolving Conflicts Arising from the Privatization of Environmental Data (2001)

This report discusses strategies for resolving conflicts that arise among federal agencies, research scientists, private sector organizations, policy makers, and the public due to the privatization of environmental data. More >>