Environmental Quality, Health, and Management: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 342

Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock (2015)

Characterizing and modeling fluid flow through fractured rock is vital to limiting the spread of chemical contaminants through rock features; for understanding where reservoirs of petroleum, water, or geothermal resources may form; and for engineering stable and resilient underground infrastructure. Over the past twenty years there have been significant advances in abilities to model and characterize these pathways, but significant challenge... More >>

Application of Modern Toxicology Approaches for Predicting Acute Toxicity for Chemical Defense (2015)

The US Department of Defense (DOD) is faced with an overwhelming task in evaluating chemicals that could potentially pose a threat to its deployed personnel. There are over 84,000 registered chemicals, and testing them with traditional toxicity-testing methods is not feasible in terms of time or money. In recent years, there has been a concerted effort to develop new approaches to toxicity testing that incorporate advances in systems biology... More >>

Review of the Formaldehyde Assessment in the National Toxicology Program 12th Report on Carcinogens (2014)

In 1981, the National Toxicology Program (NTP) listed formaldehyde in the 2nd Report on Carcinogens (RoC) as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen." In 2011, NTP upgraded the listing of formaldehyde in the 12th RoC to "known to be a human carcinogen." Following the new listing, Congress directed the Department of Health and Human Services to arrange for the National Academy of Sciences to independently review formaldehyde’s substanc... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Styrene Assessment in the National Toxicology Program 12th Report on Carcinogens (2014)

In 2011, the National Toxicology Program listed styrene as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" in its 12th Report on Carcinogens. Congress directed the Department of Health and Human Services to request the National Academy of Sciences to review independently the substance profile of styrene and its listing in the Report on Carcinogens. This report presents the findings and conclusions of the committee formed in response to th... More >>

Report in Brief

Progress Toward Restoring the Everglades: The Fifth Biennial Review, 2014 (2014)

Despite exceptional project planning accomplishments, over the past two years progress toward restoring the Everglades has been slowed by frustrating financial and procedural constraints. The Central Everglades Planning Project is an impressive strategy to accelerate Everglades restoration and avert further degradation by increasing water flow to the ecosystem. However, timely authorization, funding, and creative policy and implementatio... More >>

Report in Brief