Environmental Quality, Health, and Management: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 340

Review of the Styrene Assessment in the National Toxicology Program 12th Report on Carcinogens (2014)

In 2011, the National Toxicology Program listed styrene as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" in its 12th Report on Carcinogens. Congress directed the Department of Health and Human Services to request the National Academy of Sciences to review independently the substance profile of styrene and its listing in the Report on Carcinogens. This report presents the findings and conclusions of the committee formed in response to th... More >>

Report in Brief

Progress Toward Restoring the Everglades: The Fifth Biennial Review, 2014 (2014)

Despite exceptional project planning accomplishments, over the past two years progress toward restoring the Everglades has been slowed by frustrating financial and procedural constraints. The Central Everglades Planning Project is an impressive strategy to accelerate Everglades restoration and avert further degradation by increasing water flow to the ecosystem. However, timely authorization, funding, and creative policy and implementatio... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of EPA's Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Process (2014)

At the request of Congress, this study evaluates EPA's progress in responding to recommendations from the National Research Council for improving the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) process, which is the program responsible for developing toxicologic assessments of chemical contaminants in the environment. The study finds that the changes to the IRIS process that EPA has proposed and implemented to various degrees constitute substantia... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Environmental Protection Agency's State-of-the-Science Evaluation of Nonmonotonic Dose-Response Relationships as they Apply to Endocrine Disrupters (2014)

Potential health effects of endocrine-disrupting chemicals raise an environmental health concern about the chemicals' ability to interfere with normal hormone function in humans and wildlife. Some research on endocrine disruptors has identified nonmonotonic dose–response relationships; that is, lower doses are not always associated with smaller responses, nor higher doses with larger responses. Nonmonotonic dose–response curves have been ... More >>

Critical Aspects of EPA's IRIS Assessment of Inorganic Arsenic: Interim Report (2013)

This report reviews critical aspects of the scientific literature on inorganic arsenic and a draft plan by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that describes how the agency will perform its Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) assessment of the potential health effects of oral exposure to this chemical. The report finds that EPA's draft plan includes improved approaches for evaluating evidence and conducting analyses but shoul... More >>

Report in Brief