Environmental Quality, Health, and Management: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 352

Review of Report and Approach to Evaluating Long-Term Health Effects in Army Test Subjects: Final Report (2018)

Between 1942 and 1975, the U.S. Army conducted tests with human subjects to study the effects of a variety of agents, including chemical warfare and biological agents. A recent report evaluated the potential long-term health effects in these former test subjects from their exposures. The report was prepared to assist the Army with making determinations regarding medical care for the test participants. A two-part study by the National Academie... More >>

Progress Toward Transforming the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Program: A 2018 Evaluation (2018)

This study concludes that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) program, which is used to assess the hazards posed by environmental contaminants, has made "substantial progress" in implementing recommendations outlined in past reports by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. In a 2014 report, the National Academies concluded the program had improved significantly sinc... More >>

Review of Report and Approach to Evaluating Long-Term Health Effect in Army Test Subjects -- Interim Report (2018)

Between 1942 and 1975, the U.S. Army conducted tests with human subjects to study the effects of a variety of agents, including chemical warfare and biological agents. A recent report evaluated the potential long-term health effects in these former test subjects from their exposures. The report was prepared to assist the Army with making legal determinations regarding medical care for the test participants. This two-phase study examines whethe... More >>

Environmental Chemicals, the Human Microbiome, and Health Risk: A Research Strategy (2017)

The human microbiome is composed of a great number of diverse microorganisms that inhabit the human body. Until recently, the role of the microbiome in maintaining human health was not fully appreciated. Today, however, scientists are beginning to explain the important roles that it might play in a wide array of diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, and inflammatory bowel disease. Recent studies have indicated that the human microbiome ca... More >>

Report in Brief

Application of Systematic Review Methods in an Overall Strategy for Evaluating Low-Dose Toxicity from Endocrine Active Chemicals (2017)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates toxic chemicals as part of its mission to protect human health and the environment. Traditional toxicity testing relies heavily on studies that expose test animals to chemicals at amounts much higher than typical human exposures (i.e., low doses). However, some chemicals can cause health effects at low doses. This report outlines a strategy to improve EPA's ability to evaluate evidence o... More >>

Report in Brief