Risk Assessment and Communication: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 56 - 60 of 910

Review of California's Risk-Assessment Process for Pesticides (2015)

This report reviews the risk-assessment practices used by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation as part of its mission to ensure the protection of workers and public health. Overall, the study finds that the Department of Pesticide Regulation's risk-characterization documents are comprehensive and follow established risk-assessment practices. However, the bulk of the assessments duplicate much of the work of the US Environmenta... More >>

A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System (2015)

The U.S. food supply chain is deeply interconnected with human and environmental health, as well as social and economic systems. Decisions about food policies and practices, therefore, can have unintended impacts--both positive and negative. To arrive at a decision whose benefits outweigh its risks, decision makers must carefully consider a range of effects and interactions across the health, environmental, social, and economic domains.Thi... More >>

Report in Brief

Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities: Phase 2 Pilot Planning (2015)

This brief report provides an expert committee's advice to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) about general methodological considerations for carrying out a pilot study of cancer risks near seven nuclear facilities in the United States. The pilot study, which was a recommendation of a previous NAS report, aims to evaluate the technical feasibility of implementing two study designs described in that same report for carrying out a nationwid... More >>

A Framework to Guide Selection of Chemical Alternatives (2014)

Concerns about the health and environmental impacts associated with some chemical products and processes have motivated a growing number of national, state, and local governments, manufacturers, and retailers to develop assessments and approaches for finding safer chemical substitutes. These existing assessment frameworks reflect a range of different priorities, whether the focus is on protecting workers, the environment, the end users o... More >>

Report in Brief

Sustainability Concepts in Decision-Making: Tools and Approaches for the US Environmental Protection Agency (2014)

Population growth, climate change, and greater consumption of natural resources are just a few of the challenges the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) faces in pursuing its mission to protect human health and the environment. The agency has increasingly embraced the use of sustainability tools and approaches for considering the potential social, environmental, and economic effects of agency decisions and actions. This report identifie... More >>

Report in Brief