Laboratory Animals: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 21 - 25 of 927

From Maps to Models: Augmenting the Nation's Geospatial Intelligence Capabilities (2017)

The United States faces numerous, varied, and evolving threats to national security, including terrorism, scarcity and disruption of food and water supplies, extreme weather events, and regional conflicts around the world. Effectively managing these threats requires intelligence that not only assesses what is happening now, but that also anticipates potential future threats. The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) is responsible fo... More >>

Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area (2017)

An increase in brucellosis cases in the Greater Yellowstone Area has alarmed cattle and domestic bison producers and spurred new scientific analyses to determine the factors involved. Brucellosis is found in cattle, bison, and elk and can result in late-gestation abortion, decreased milk production, and loss of fertility. Although it is not considered a major public health threat in the United States, brucellosis can have serious economi... More >>

Report in Brief

Volcanic Eruptions and Their Repose, Unrest, Precursors, and Timing (2017)

Despite broad understanding of volcanoes, key questions regarding the timing, duration, style, size, and consequences of volcanic eruptions remain unanswered, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. To improve eruption forecasting and warnings to save lives, the report identifies three grand challenges for the volcanic science community. More >>

Report in Brief

Controlled Human Inhalation-Exposure Studies at EPA (2017)

Under the Clean Air Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducts a range of studies to evaluate exposure to, and effects of, air pollutants on human health. A subset of those studies involves intentionally exposing human volunteers to pollutants by inhalation under controlled experimental conditions. The exposure can produce transient and reversible physiologic responses (such as a temporary change in lung function), but it i... More >>

Review of the Draft Climate Science Special Report (2017)

The United States Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) is moving towards a sustained assessment process that allows for more fluid and consistent integration of scientific knowledge into the mandated quadrennial National Climate Assessment. As part of this process, the USGCRP is developing the Climate Science Special Report (CSSR), a technical report that details the current state-of-science relating to climate change and its physical impacts... More >>