Life Sciences: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 206 - 210 of 910

Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the United States (2010)

The extraction of methane (natural gas) trapped deep in some coal beds is a common practice, especially in Western States, but carries with it the issue of what to do with the water that must be pumped out to release the methane. This "produced" water must be managed through some combination of disposal, use, or storage, and often requires treatment to remove salts and other compounds. Currently, the majority of the water is disposed of at leas... More >>

Report in Brief

Sequence-Based Classification of Select Agents: A Brighter Line (2010)

Although measures are in place to protect against the loss, theft, or misuse of Select Agents—a list of the names of pathogens or biological toxins with the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety—concerns are growing that advances in molecular biology have created new biosecurity challenges. In particular, DNA synthesis technology may make it possible to create Select Agents, modify them by introducing small changes to th... More >>

Report in Brief

Nuclear Forensics: A Capability at Risk (2010)

Nuclear forensics is the examination and evaluation of discovered or seized nuclear materials and devices or, in cases of nuclear explosions or radiological dispersals, of detonation signals and post-detonation debris. Nuclear forensic evidence helps law enforcement and intelligence agencies work toward preventing, mitigating, and attributing a nuclear or radiological incident. This report, requested by the Department of Homeland Security, th... More >>

Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change (2010)

Advancing the Science of Climate Change Limiting the Magnitude of Climate Change Adapting to the Impacts of Climate ChangeA five-video series on the America's Climate Choices project Demand for information to support climate-related decisions has grown as people, organizations, and governments have moved ahead with plans and actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Today, however, the natio... More >>

Report in Brief

Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts Over Decades to Millennia (2010)

This new report from the National Research Council concludes that emissions of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels have ushered in a new epoch where human activities will largely determine the evolution of Earth's climate. Because carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is long lived, it can effectively lock the Earth and future generations into a range of impacts, some of which could become very severe. Therefore, emissions reduction... More >>

Report in Brief