Life Sciences: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 216 - 220 of 923

Eighteenth Interim Report of the Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels (2010)

Formed in 1995 by EPA, several other federal and state agencies, and several private organizations, the National Advisory Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Hazardous Substances (referred to as the NAC) develops, reviews, and approves acute exposure guideline levels (AEGLs) for up to 400 extremely hazardous substances (EHSs). AEGLs have a broad array of potential applications for federal, state, and local governments and for th... More >>

Assessment of Intraseasonal to Interannual Climate Prediction and Predictability (2010)

Accurate forecasts of climate conditions over time periods of weeks to a few years—called intraseasonal to interannual timescales—can help people plan agricultural activities, mitigate drought, and manage energy resources. However, current forecast systems have limited ability on these timescales because models for such climate forecasts must take into account complex interactions among the ocean, atmosphere, and land surface, as well a... More >>

Report in Brief

Precise Geodetic Infrastructure: National Requirements for a Shared Resource (2010)

Geodesy is the science of accurately measuring Earth's shape, orientation in space, and gravity field, and changes in these parameters over time. Geodetic techniques and instrumentation have enabled scientists to determine the changing position of any point on Earth with centimeter accuracy or better. They also provide the underpinnings for surveying and navigation, determining flood maps, measuring sea level rise, assessing groundwate... More >>

Report in Brief

Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the United States (2010)

The extraction of methane (natural gas) trapped deep in some coal beds is a common practice, especially in Western States, but carries with it the issue of what to do with the water that must be pumped out to release the methane. This "produced" water must be managed through some combination of disposal, use, or storage, and often requires treatment to remove salts and other compounds. Currently, the majority of the water is disposed of at leas... More >>

Report in Brief

Sequence-Based Classification of Select Agents: A Brighter Line (2010)

Although measures are in place to protect against the loss, theft, or misuse of Select Agents—a list of the names of pathogens or biological toxins with the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety—concerns are growing that advances in molecular biology have created new biosecurity challenges. In particular, DNA synthesis technology may make it possible to create Select Agents, modify them by introducing small changes to th... More >>

Report in Brief