Ecological Studies, Environmental Impact: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 86 - 90 of 915

Critical Aspects of EPA's IRIS Assessment of Inorganic Arsenic: Interim Report (2013)

This report reviews critical aspects of the scientific literature on inorganic arsenic and a draft plan by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that describes how the agency will perform its Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) assessment of the potential health effects of oral exposure to this chemical. The report finds that EPA's draft plan includes improved approaches for evaluating evidence and conducting analyses but shoul... More >>

Report in Brief

Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals: Volume 15 (2013)

At the request of the Department of Defense and the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Research Council has reviewed the relevant scientific literature compiled by an expert panel and established Acute Exposure Guideline Levels (AEGLs) for several chemicals. AEGLs represent exposure levels below which adverse health effects are not likely to occur and are useful in responding to emergencies, such as accidental or intentional chemica... More >>

Advancing Land Change Modeling: Opportunities and Research Requirements (2013)

Urban development, agriculture, and energy production are just a few of the ways that human activities are continually changing and reshaping the Earth’s surface. Land-change models (LCMs) are important tools for understanding and managing present and future landscape conditions, from an individual parcel of land in a city to the vast expanses of forests around the world. A recent explosion in the number and types of land observations, mode... More >>

Research Progress on Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials (2013)

Nanomaterials-—materials just one billionth of a meter in size—have novel chemical and physical properties that make them useful for an array of products that range from cosmetics to medical therapies to electronics. The unique characteristics and behaviors of nanomaterials and uncertainties regarding how they interact with biologic systems have motivated research on the potential risks they pose to human health and the environment. Despite a... More >>

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States (2013)

Fish stock rebuilding plans have proven successful in reducing fishing pressure on many overfished stocks, and stock sizes have generally increased. However, in some cases fisheries have not rebuilt as quickly as the plans projected, due to factors such as overestimation of the size of stocks and incidental catch by fisheries targeting other species. Even when fishing is reduced appropriately for the actual stock size, the rate at whic... More >>

Report in Brief