Ecological Studies, Environmental Impact: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 91 - 95 of 917

Research Progress on Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials (2013)

Nanomaterials-—materials just one billionth of a meter in size—have novel chemical and physical properties that make them useful for an array of products that range from cosmetics to medical therapies to electronics. The unique characteristics and behaviors of nanomaterials and uncertainties regarding how they interact with biologic systems have motivated research on the potential risks they pose to human health and the environment. Despite a... More >>

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States (2013)

Fish stock rebuilding plans have proven successful in reducing fishing pressure on many overfished stocks, and stock sizes have generally increased. However, in some cases fisheries have not rebuilt as quickly as the plans projected, due to factors such as overestimation of the size of stocks and incidental catch by fisheries targeting other species. Even when fishing is reduced appropriately for the actual stock size, the rate at whic... More >>

Report in Brief

Delta Waters: Research to Support Integrated Water and Environmental Management in the Lower Mississippi River (2013)

Concerns about hurricane protection and ecological health in the lower Mississippi River delta have grown in the 21st century, as ongoing challenges have been compounded by events including Hurricanes Katrina and Rita and the Deepwater Horizon explosion. The Water Institute of the Gulf was established in Baton Rouge in 2011 to provide scientific and engineering advice to the state of Louisiana for a variety of coastal restoration, ecosyste... More >>

TRB Special Report 311: Effects of Diluted Bitumen on Crude Oil Transmission Pipelines (2013)

TRB Special Report 311: Effects of Diluted Bitumen on Crude Oil Transmission Pipelines analyzes whether shipments of diluted bitumen have a greater likelihood of release from pipelines than shipments of other crude oils. The oil sands region of Canada is the source of diluted bitumen shipped by pipeline to the United States. The committee that produced the report did not find any pipeline failures unique to the transportation of diluted bitume... More >>

Preparing the Next Generation of Earth Scientists: An Examination of Federal Education and Training Programs (2013)

Federal agencies play a key role in educating the next generation of earth scientists, offering programs that attract students to the field, support them through formal education, or provide training for an earth science career. The report examines 25 federal earth science education programs, describes ways to evaluate the success of these programs, and identifies opportunities for leveraging federal education resources. A centerpiece of th... More >>

Report in Brief