Invasive Species: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

Search all reports

To search for an exact phrase, use quotation marks (i.e., “Earth and life”)
Showing results 1 - 5 of 10

Assessing the Relationship Between Propagule Pressure and Invasion Risk in Ballast Water (2011)

The release of invasive species from the ballast water of ships to U.S. waterways has caused extensive environmental and economic impacts (on the order of $1 billion since 1989 for zebra and quagga mussels alone). To limit the spread of invasive species, the Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Coast Guard are developing plans to regulate the concentration of living organisms discharged from ballast water. These plans assume that ther... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plan Health Inspection Service Response to Petitions to Reclassify the Light Brown Apple Moth as a Non-Actionable Pest: A Letter Report (2009)

The light brown apple moth, a native of Australia discovered in California in 2006, is a moth that eats many kinds of plants. In 2007 in a pre-emptive effort against potential damage the moth might cause, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) classified the moth as an "actionable quarantine-significant pest" and implemented a program of quarantine restrictions and eradication. However, severa... More >>

Shellfish Mariculture in Drakes Estero, Point Reyes National Seashore, California (2009)

Drakes Estero, 25 miles northwest of San Francisco, is a marine estuary home to harbor seals, waterfowl, fish, and other marine organisms. Congress designated the estuary a Potential Wilderness in 1976, signifying the intention to incorporate the area into an existing Wilderness area in Point Reyes National Seashore. Drakes Estero is also the site of commercial oyster farming since the 1930s, and Drakes Bay Oyster Company continues to operat... More >>

Great Lakes Shipping, Trade, and Aquatic Invasive Species (2008)

Since its opening in 1959, the St. Lawrence Seaway has provided a route into the Great Lakes not only for trade, but also unfortunately for aquatic invasive species (AIS) that have had severe economic and environmental impacts on the region. Prevention measures have been introduced by the governments of Canada and the United States, but reports of newly discovered AIS continue, and only time will tell what impacts these species may have.... More >>

Report in Brief

Biological Confinement of Genetically Engineered Organisms (2004)

Bioconfinement, as defined by the committee writing the report are a set of biological techniques (such as induced sterility) used to prevent transgenic animals, plants, and microbes from escaping into natural ecosystems and breeding, thus competing with their wild relatives or passing engineered traits to closely related species. Since no single Bioconfinement method is 100 percent effective, the committee recommends that developers o... More >>