Nuclear and Radiation Studies: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 95

Disposal of Surplus Plutonium at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Interim Report (2018)

In response to a request from Congress, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has appointed an expert committee to evaluate the general viability of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration conceptual plans for disposing of 34 metric tons (MT) of surplus plutonium in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), a deep geologic repository near Carlsbad, New Mexico. The U.S. stockpile of surplu... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Draft Analysis of Supplemental Treatment Approaches of Low-Activity Waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation: Review #2 (2018)

In 1943, as part of the Manhattan Project, the Hanford Nuclear Reservation was established with the mission to produce plutonium for nuclear weapons. During 45 years of operations, the Hanford Site produced about 67 metric tonnes of plutonium -- approximately two-thirds of the nation's stockpile. Production processes generated radioactive and other hazardous wastes and resulted in airborne, surface, subsurface, and groundwater contamination... More >>

Review of the Analysis of Supplemental Treatment Approaches of Low-Activity Waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation: Review #1 (2018)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management is responsible for cleaning up the 56 million gallons of radioactive waste from plutonium production stored in 177 large tanks at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation. A waste treatment plant under construction will have the capacity to convert all of the high-level radioactive waste and at least one-third of the low-activity radioactive waste into a glass form for long-term storage... More >>

Molybdenum-99 for Medical Imaging (2016)

The report examines the production and utilization of molybdenum-99 and associated medical isotopes used in medical imaging. It also assesses progress made toward eliminating highly enriched uranium (HEU) from the targets used to produce molybdenum-99 production and promoting the utilization of molybdenum-99 from non-HEU sources. The report was mandated by the American Medical Isotopes Production Act of 2012 and it is the second of the tw... More >>

Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Accident for Improving Safety and Security of U.S. Nuclear Plants: Phase 2 (2016)

The 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident should serve as a wake-up call to nuclear plant operators and regulators on the critical importance of measuring, maintaining, and restoring cooling in spent fuel pools during severe accidents and terrorist attacks. This final phase of a 2-part study on lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident provides findings and recommendations for improving U.S. nuclear plant security and spen... More >>