Nuclear and Radiation Studies: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 506 - 510 of 914

Future Needs in Deep Submergence Science: Occupied and Unoccupied Vehicles in Basic Ocean Research (2004)

Deep-diving manned submersibles, such as Alvin, which gained worldwide fame when researchers used it to reach the wreck of Titanic, have helped advance scientific understanding of the deep ocean. Many scholars in this field, however, have noted that the number and capabilities of today's underwater vehicles no longer meet current and expected scientific demand. At the same time, the relative value of manned and unmanned vehicles is ofte... More >>

Where the Weather Meets the Road: A Research Agenda for Improving Road Weather Services (2004)

Snow, rain, fog, ice and other inclement weather greatly impair road conditions and contribute to 1.5 million accidents each year. Many parallel advances in transportation and meteorology--such as in-vehicle communication systems and improved storm tracking --could be brought together into new services that help drivers and roadway managers make better decisions in adverse weather. The report recommends that the Federal Highway Administratio... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the U.S. CLIVAR Project Office (2004)

A growing appreciation for how variations in climate affect society and the environment has increased the demand for fast and accurate predictions of climate variability. The Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) program, established internationally in 1995 and expanded to include a U.S. component in 1998, focuses on improving understanding and skill in predicting climate variability on seasonal to centennial time scales. This repor... More >>

Materials Count: The Case for Material Flows Analysis (2004)

The rising population and industrial growth are placing increasing strains on a variety of material and energy resources. Understanding how to make the most economically and environmentally efficient use of materials will require an understanding of the flow of materials from the time a material is extracted, through processing, manufacturing, use, and its ultimate destination as a waste or reusable resource. This report examines the usefulnes... More >>

Forensic Analysis: Weighing Bullet Lead Evidence (2004)

Since the 1960s, FBI testimony in thousands of criminal cases has relied on evidence from Compositional Analysis of Bullet Lead (CABL), a forensic technique that compares the elemental composition of bullets found at a crime scene to the elemental composition of bullets found in a suspect's possession. The report assesses the scientific validity of CABL, finding that the FBI should use a different statistical analysis for the technique, an... More >>

Report in Brief