Nuclear and Radiation Studies: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 506 - 510 of 910

Forensic Analysis: Weighing Bullet Lead Evidence (2004)

Since the 1960s, FBI testimony in thousands of criminal cases has relied on evidence from Compositional Analysis of Bullet Lead (CABL), a forensic technique that compares the elemental composition of bullets found at a crime scene to the elemental composition of bullets found in a suspect's possession. The report assesses the scientific validity of CABL, finding that the FBI should use a different statistical analysis for the technique, an... More >>

Report in Brief

Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim report (2004)

The report outlines key elements to consider in designing a program to create climate-quality data from satellites. It examines historical attempts to create climate data records, provides advice on steps for generating, re-analyzing, and storing satellite climate data, and discusses the importance of partnering between agencies, academia, and industry. NOAA will use this report -- the first in a two-part study -- to draft an implementation pla... More >>

Report in Brief

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques (2004)

The ability to detect explosives at a standoff distance, for instance in cases involving suicide bombers on foot or in a vehicle, is a daunting but vital need. This report examines existing and potential technologies that offer new methods to detect explosives and/or image bombs at standoff distances. The report identifies several promising methods for standoff explosives detection including terahertz and microwave imaging and spectroscopy, an... More >>

Seeking Security: Pathogens, Open Access, and Genome Databases (2004)

Within the last 30 years, the genomes of thousands of organisms, from viruses, to bacteria, to humans, have been sequenced or partially sequenced and deposited in databases freely accessible to scientists around the world. This information is accelerating scientists ability to fight disease and make other medical advances, but policymakers must consider the possibility that the information could also be used for destructive purposes in acts o... More >>

Iodotrifluoromethane: Toxicity Review (2004)

The U.S. military is considering using a compound called iodotrifluoromethane (CF3I) for fire suppression to replace previously-used compounds (halons) that are being phased out because they deplete the ozone layer. This report reviews available toxicological data on CF3I and evaluates the scientific basis of the U.S. Army's proposed exposure limit of 2,000 parts per million (ppm). The report recommends that CF3I be used for fire suppression i... More >>