Ocean Research Program Reviews : Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 11 - 15 of 941

Science Breakthroughs to Advance Food and Agricultural Research by 2030 (2018)

The United States has been the world's leading agricultural producer for many years. Today the U.S. food and agriculture system faces formidable challenges and will be tested as world food production must double to meet the needs of a global population expected to reach 8.6 billion by 2030. In addition, natural systems in many regions are stressed by water scarcity, increased weather variability, floods, and droughts. This report concludes tha... More >>

Report in Brief

Monitoring and Sampling Approaches to Assess Underground Coal Mine Dust Exposures (2018)

Coal mine dust lung disease continues to be an important and complex problem affecting coal miners in the United States. Although the number of cases dropped precipitously since the late 1960s, an increase in the prevalence and severity of the disease has been documented since about 2000. Reliable information on respirable coal mine dust (RCMD) exposures in underground coal mines is crucial for predicting, reducing, and preventing mine workers... More >>

Report in Brief

Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast (2018)

The U.S. Gulf of Mexico coastline provides a valuable setting to study deeply connected natural and human interactions. This is in large part because of the historical, and continuing, concentration of coastal development, human population, and infrastructure within a region that is particularly vulnerable to hurricanes and sea level rise. To promote the resilience and maintain the habitability of the coast into the future, we need a bette... More >>

Biodefense in the Age of Synthetic Biology (2018)

The age of synthetic biology has brought with it opportunities to transform approaches to treating disease, manufacturing chemicals, producing fuels, remediating contaminants, and numerous other applications with benefits to humankind. Some synthetic biology capabilities, however, have dual use potential -- that is, they are capabilities that can be used for beneficial purposes but could be misdirected to cause harm to humans, animals, plants... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Analysis of Supplemental Treatment Approaches of Low-Activity Waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation: Review #1 (2018)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management is responsible for cleaning up the 56 million gallons of radioactive waste from plutonium production stored in 177 large tanks at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation. A waste treatment plant under construction will have the capacity to convert all of the high-level radioactive waste and at least one-third of the low-activity radioactive waste into a glass form for long-term storage... More >>