The Ocean and Climate Change : Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 15

Review of the Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring Plan (2013)

The world's ocean has already experienced a 30% rise in acidity since the industrial revolution, with acidity expected to rise 100 to 150% over preindustrial levels by the end of this century. Potential consequences to marine life and also to economic activities that depend on a healthy marine ecosystem are difficult to assess and predict, but potentially devastating. To address this knowledge gap, Congress passed the Federal Ocea... More >>

Sea-Level Rise for the Coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington: Past, Present, and Future (2012)

Tide gages show that global sea level has risen about 7 inches during the 20th century, and recent satellite data shows that the rate of sea-level rise is accelerating. As Earth warms, sea levels are rising mainly because: (1) ocean water expands as it warms; and (2) water from melting glaciers and ice sheets is flowing into the ocean. Sea-level rise poses enormous risks to the valuable infrastructure, development, and wetlands that line muc... More >>

Report in Brief

Assessing Requirements for Sustained Ocean Color Research and Operations (2011)

Satellite measurements of ocean color provide a unique global perspective on the health of the ocean by allowing scientists to track changes in the abundance and productivity of phytoplankton, microscopic organisms that live in the ocean's surface waters and form the base of the marine food chain. Monitoring phytoplankton abundance can provide information on the ocean's essential functions and resources, which can be used to assess long-ter... More >>

Report in Brief

America's Climate Choices (2011)

This final America's Climate Choices report is the conclusion of a five-report series that included: Advancing the Science of Climate Change Limiting the Magnitude of Climate Change Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change Climate change is occurring, is very likely caused primarily by the emission of greenhouse gases from human activities, and poses significant risks for a range of human an... More >>

Report in Brief

Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change (2010)

Advancing the Science of Climate Change Limiting the Magnitude of Climate Change Adapting to the Impacts of Climate ChangeA five-video series on the America's Climate Choices project Demand for information to support climate-related decisions has grown as people, organizations, and governments have moved ahead with plans and actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Today, however, the natio... More >>

Report in Brief