Approaches to Understanding the Cumulative Effects of Stressors on Marine Mammals (2016)Ocean Studies Board
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Marine mammals face many natural and human stressors that can harm populations. Progress has been made in understanding the response of marine mammals to noise, but estimating risks to marine mammal populations requires understanding how the full array of stressors interact. This report offers a conceptual framework and research strategies to improve the ability to assess cumulative stressors to marine mammal populations and identify which combination of stressors to reduce to bring the population or ecosystem into a more favorable state.