The Community Development Quota Program in Alaska (1999)Ocean Studies Board
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The Community Development Quotas (CDQ) programs, which were formed as a result of the Sustainable Fisheries Act of 1996, are a method of allocating access to fisheries to eligible communities with the intent of promoting local social and economic conditions through participation in fishing-related activities. The objectives of the CDQ programs are to help communities develop ongoing commercial fishing and processing activities; create employment opportunities; and provide capital for investment in fishing, processing, and support projects (e.g., infrastructure). This report looks at those Alaskan fisheries, such as halibut, pollock, sablefish, and crab, that have experience with CDQs and comments on the extent to which the programs have met these objectives. It also reviews the performance and effectiveness of the CDQ programs and considers how CDQ-type programs might apply in the Western Pacific.