Consensus Report

Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review; while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy. Learn more on our expert consensus reports.

The Community Development Quotas (CDQ) programs, which were formed as a result of the Sustainable Fisheries Act of 1996, are a method of allocating access to fisheries to eligible communities with the intent of promoting local social and economic conditions through participation in fishing-related activities. The objectives of the CDQ programs are to help communities develop ongoing commercial fishing and processing activities; create employment opportunities; and provide capital for investment in fishing, processing, and support projects (e.g., infrastructure). This report looks at those Alaskan fisheries, such as halibut, pollock, sablefish, and crab, that have experience with CDQs and comments on the extent to which the programs have met these objectives. It also reviews the performance and effectiveness of the CDQ programs and considers how CDQ-type programs might apply in the Western Pacific.