Consensus Report

Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle: Eighth Revised Edition (2016)


Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review; while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy. Learn more on our expert consensus reports.

Updating nutrient requirements and recommendations last made in 2000, this report is a comprehensive review of the most recent information available on beef cattle nutrition and ingredient composition for efficient, profitable, and environmentally conscious beef production. In addition to a thorough and current evaluation of the literature on the energy and nutrient requirements of beef in all stages of life, this volume includes information on beef safety and the nutritional profile of beef products; a comprehensive review of ruminant anatomy, digestion, and nutrient utilization; a wide-ranging overview of carbohydrates used in beef cattle production; information on the role of lipids, and lipid digestion and absorption; a review of factors affecting nutrient losses in manure and greenhouse gas emissions; a more complete review of compounds that modify digestion and metabolism; and a thorough review of byproduct feeds. Tables of feed ingredient composition are also significantly updated.

About this Report

Primary Board:

Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources


Illinois Corn Growers; Minnesota Corn Growers/Minnesota Corn Research & Promotion Council (MCR&PC); Nebraska Corn Board; Institute for Feed Education & Research (IFEEDER); FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine