Reducing the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium in Civilian Research Reactors (2016)Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board
Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review; while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy. Learn more on our expert consensus reports.
Since 1978, U.S. policy and programs have sought to minimize or phase out the use of highly enriched uranium fuel in civilian research and test reactors around the world to prevent the misuse of the fuel to make nuclear weapons. Despite some progress, converting the remaining research reactors to less proliferation-prone low enriched uranium fuel has proven to be a slow process. This report identifies successes and challenges that remain in the conversion of research reactors from highly enriched uranium to low enriched uranium fuel.