Consensus Report

Review of Report and Approach to Evaluating Long-Term Health Effects in Army Test Subjects: Final Report (2018)

Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review; while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy. Learn more on our expert consensus reports.

Between 1942 and 1975, the U.S. Army conducted tests with human subjects to study the effects of a variety of agents, including chemical warfare and biological agents. A recent report evaluated the potential long-term health effects in these former test subjects from their exposures. The report was prepared to assist the Army with making determinations regarding medical care for the test participants. A two-part study by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine examines whether the report appropriately identified potential long-term health effects from exposures during testing and used a weight-of-evidence approach to characterize the strength of association between agents and their potential effects. The interim report, published in February 2018, documents the committee's findings and overarching recommendations. This final report provides additional technical detail about the basis of the findings and recommendations.