Expert Report

Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review; while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy. Learn more on our expert consensus reports.

Fluctuations and declines in marine fish populations have caused growing concern among marine scientists, fisheries managers, commercial and recreational fishermen, and the public. This report explores the nature of marine ecosystems and the complex interacting factors that shape their productivity. It documents the condition of marine fisheries today, highlighting species and geographic areas that are under particular stress. This report discusses challenges to achieving sustainability and shortcomings of existing fisheries management and regulation. It also calls for fisheries management to adopt a broader ecosystem perspective that encompasses all relevant environmental and human influences.