Expert Report

Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review; while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy. Learn more on our expert consensus reports.

To sequester radioactive and other hazardous components of waste for storage and disposal, waste can be converted into "waste forms" that immobilize these components in stable, solid matrices. For example, waste can be chemically incorporated into the structure of a glass or ceramic matrix so that the atoms of radioactive species become bound, or encapsulated in materials such as bitumen, grout, or cement. This interim report provides timely information on waste form technology deployment opportunities to inform the Department of Energy-Office of Environmental Management's technology planning efforts for fiscal year 2011.