Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 941

Disposal of Surplus Plutonium at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Interim Report (2018)

In response to a request from Congress, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has appointed an expert committee to evaluate the general viability of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration conceptual plans for disposing of 34 metric tons (MT) of surplus plutonium in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), a deep geologic repository near Carlsbad, New Mexico. The U.S. stockpile of surplu... More >>

Report in Brief

A Research Review of Interventions to Increase the Persistence and Resilience of Coral Reefs (2018)

Around the world, coral reefs have seen major declines due to problems including climate change and widespread disease, in addition to local stress from pollution, overfishing, and habitat destruction. Reduction and mitigation of carbon emissions will be required for successful global management of marine ecosystems. Even with such reductions, committed warming from the current accumulation of greenhouse gases is expected to expose the majorit... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Draft Analysis of Supplemental Treatment Approaches of Low-Activity Waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation: Review #2 (2018)

In 1943, as part of the Manhattan Project, the Hanford Nuclear Reservation was established with the mission to produce plutonium for nuclear weapons. During 45 years of operations, the Hanford Site produced about 67 metric tonnes of plutonium -- approximately two-thirds of the nation's stockpile. Production processes generated radioactive and other hazardous wastes and resulted in airborne, surface, subsurface, and groundwater contamination... More >>

Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda (2018)

To achieve goals for climate and economic growth, "negative emissions technologies" (NETs) that remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the air will need to play a significant role in mitigating climate change. Unlike carbon capture and storage technologies that remove carbon dioxide emissions directly from large point sources such as coal power plants, NETs remove carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere or enhance natural carbon sinks.... More >>

Report in Brief

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs (2018)

In the quest to mitigate the buildup of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere, researchers and policymakers have increasingly turned their attention to techniques for capturing greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, either from the locations where they are emitted or directly from the atmosphere. Once captured, these gases can be stored or put to use. While both carbon storage and carbon utilization have costs, utilization offer... More >>

Report in Brief