Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 21 - 25 of 941

Review of the Draft Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2) (2018)

This review by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine evaluates the draft Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2) -- a report that feeds into the overall climate science assessment process developed by the U.S. Global Climate Research Program. The SOCCR2 assessment aims to elucidate the fundamental physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the carbon cycle and to discuss the challenges of accounting for al... More >>

Review of Report and Approach to Evaluating Long-Term Health Effect in Army Test Subjects -- Interim Report (2018)

Between 1942 and 1975, the U.S. Army conducted tests with human subjects to study the effects of a variety of agents, including chemical warfare and biological agents. A recent report evaluated the potential long-term health effects in these former test subjects from their exposures. The report was prepared to assist the Army with making legal determinations regarding medical care for the test participants. This two-phase study examines whethe... More >>

Thriving on Our Changing Planet: A Decadal Strategy for Earth Observation from Space (2018)

We live on a dynamic Earth shaped by both natural processes and the impacts of humans on their environment. It is in our collective interest to observe and understand our planet, and to predict future behavior to the extent possible, in order to effectively manage resources, successfully respond to threats from natural and human-induced environmental change, and capitalize on the opportunities -- social, economic, security, and more -- that suc... More >>

A Smarter National Surveillance System for Occupational Safety and Health in the 21st Century (2018)

Worker safety and health is of paramount importance to thriving workplaces and the well-being of the 156 million adults in the U.S. workforce. Occupational safety and health (OSH) surveillance systems provide the data and analyses needed to understand the relationships between work and injuries and illnesses with the goal of improving worker safety and health. In the United States, OSH surveillance is a collaborative effort of federal, state, an... More >>

Report in Brief

Environmental Chemicals, the Human Microbiome, and Health Risk: A Research Strategy (2017)

The human microbiome is composed of a great number of diverse microorganisms that inhabit the human body. Until recently, the role of the microbiome in maintaining human health was not fully appreciated. Today, however, scientists are beginning to explain the important roles that it might play in a wide array of diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, and inflammatory bowel disease. Recent studies have indicated that the human microbiome ca... More >>

Report in Brief