Water: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 186 - 190 of 931

Assessing Requirements for Sustained Ocean Color Research and Operations (2011)

Satellite measurements of ocean color provide a unique global perspective on the health of the ocean by allowing scientists to track changes in the abundance and productivity of phytoplankton, microscopic organisms that live in the ocean's surface waters and form the base of the marine food chain. Monitoring phytoplankton abundance can provide information on the ocean's essential functions and resources, which can be used to assess long-ter... More >>

Report in Brief

Twentieth Interim Report of the Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels: Parts A and B (2011)

Formed in 1995 by EPA, several other federal and state agencies, and several private organizations, the National Advisory Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Hazardous Substances (referred to as the NAC) develops, reviews, and approves acute exposure guideline levels (AEGLs) for up to 400 extremely hazardous substances (EHSs). AEGLs have a broad array of potential applications for federal, state, and local governments and for th... More >>

Assessing the Relationship Between Propagule Pressure and Invasion Risk in Ballast Water (2011)

The release of invasive species from the ballast water of ships to U.S. waterways has caused extensive environmental and economic impacts (on the order of $1 billion since 1989 for zebra and quagga mussels alone). To limit the spread of invasive species, the Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Coast Guard are developing plans to regulate the concentration of living organisms discharged from ballast water. These plans assume that ther... More >>

Report in Brief

Nutrient Requirements of Fish and Shrimp (2011)

Report in Brief >> The continued growth of the aquatic farming industry depends on the development of nutritious feeds that maximize fish growth and health while minimizing the environmental impacts caused by uneaten feed and animal waste—a challenge that can only be met with updated information on the nutritional requirements of fish and shrimp. This report, the latest in a series of National Research Council reports on the nutritional needs o... More >>

Report in Brief

America's Climate Choices (2011)

This final America's Climate Choices report is the conclusion of a five-report series that included: Advancing the Science of Climate Change Limiting the Magnitude of Climate Change Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change Climate change is occurring, is very likely caused primarily by the emission of greenhouse gases from human activities, and poses significant risks for a range of human an... More >>

Report in Brief