Water Science and Research : Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 6 - 10 of 952

A Class Approach to Hazard Assessment of Organohalogen Flame Retardants (2019)

In the 1970s, flame retardants began to be added to synthetic materials to meet strict flammability standards. Over the years, diverse flame retardants have been manufactured and used in various products. Some flame retardants have migrated out of the products, and this has led to widespread human exposure and environmental contamination. There also is mounting evidence that many flame retardants are associated with adverse human health effects... More >>

Evaluating the Taxonomic Status of the Mexican Gray Wolf and the Red Wolf (2019)

Scientists strive to develop clear rules for naming and grouping living organisms. But taxonomy, the scientific study of biological classification and evolution, is often highly debated. Members of a species, the fundamental unit of taxonomy and evolution, share a common evolutionary history and a common evolutionary path to the future. Yet, it can be difficult to determine whether the evolutionary history or future of a population i... More >>

The Use of Dispersants in Marine Oil Spill Response (2019)

The decision to use dispersants on any given oil spill requires careful comparison of its health and environmental impacts compared to other available response options, including mechanical recovery, in situ burning and leaving the spill untreated. Based on an evaluation of domestic and international research and results of field and laboratory studies, this report concludes that dispersant application in some circumstances can be a useful too... More >>

Report in Brief

Improving the EPA Multi-Sector General Permit for Industrial Stormwater Discharges (2019)

As part of its work under the Clean Water Act, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) oversees a permit program -- the Multi-Sector General Permit (MSGP) -- that requires industries to manage onsite stormwater to minimize discharges of pollutants to the environment. Concerns about the effectiveness of efforts to date resulted in a settlement agreement between EPA, industry organizations, and environmental groups to review and improve certai... More >>

Report in Brief

Forest Health and Biotechnology: Possibilities and Considerations (2019)

The American chestnut, whitebark pine, and several species of ash in the eastern United States are just a few of the North American tree species that have been functionally lost or are in jeopardy of being lost due to outbreaks of pathogens and insect pests. New pressures in this century are putting even more trees at risk. Expanded human mobility and global trade are providing pathways for the introduction of nonnative pests for which nativ... More >>

Report in Brief