Workshop Proceeding

What research and technology needs, trends, and barriers might affect oceanography in 2025? Scientists, engineers, and technologists participated in a January 2009 workshop, sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, to include the perspective of the research community for U.S. Navy and Marine strategies for the 2025 timeframe. Physical processes of the ocean, including drivers of temperature, salinity, and currents, were emphasized. Specific areas of interest included submesoscale processes, air-sea interactions, basic and applied research, instrumentation and vehicles, ocean infrastructure, and education. This report is a diverse collection of individually authored white papers that focus on future needs in physical oceanography and related fields from observational, modeling, technological, and societal viewpoints.