Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 116

Science Breakthroughs to Advance Food and Agricultural Research by 2030 (2018)

The United States has been the world's leading agricultural producer for many years. Today the U.S. food and agriculture system faces formidable challenges and will be tested as world food production must double to meet the needs of a global population expected to reach 8.6 billion by 2030. In addition, natural systems in many regions are stressed by water scarcity, increased weather variability, floods, and droughts. This report concludes tha... More >>

Report in Brief

Improving Characterization of Anthropogenic Methane Emissions in the United States (2018)

Understanding, quantifying, and tracking atmospheric methane and emissions is essential for addressing concerns and informing decisions that affect the climate, economy, and human health and safety. Atmospheric methane is a potent greenhouse gas (GHG) that contributes to global warming. While carbon dioxide is by far the dominant cause of the rise in global average temperatures, methane also plays a significant role because it absorbs more energ... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment (2018)

This review from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine evaluates the draft Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) developed by the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). The USGCRP is mandated by Congress to issue a national climate assessment every four years to evaluate the state of climate science and the broad range of impacts of climate change in the United States. The review concludes that the draf... More >>

Review of the Draft Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2) (2018)

This review by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine evaluates the draft Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2) -- a report that feeds into the overall climate science assessment process developed by the U.S. Global Climate Research Program. The SOCCR2 assessment aims to elucidate the fundamental physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the carbon cycle and to discuss the challenges of accounting for al... More >>

Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise (2017)

Our ability to observe and predict severe weather events has improved markedly over the last few decades. Forecasts and warnings are being made with greater accuracy, geographic specificity, and lead time, which allows people and communities to take appropriate protective measures. Yet, as many recent hazardous weather events have illustrated, social and behavioral factors -- including people’s contexts, experiences, knowledge, perceptions, an... More >>

Report in Brief