Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 16 - 20 of 110

A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling (2012)

Climate models will need to evolve substantially to deliver climate projections at the scale and level of detail desired by decision makers, this report finds. As climate change has pushed climate patterns outside of historic norms, the need for detailed projections is growing across all sectors, including agriculture, insurance, and emergency preparedness planning. Despite much recent progress in developing reliable climate models, there ar... More >>

Report in Brief

Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None (2012)

During the 1980s and 1990s, the National Weather Service undertook a major, comprehensive modernization effort that succeeded in achieving major improvements for the weather, water, and climate enterprise. Despite this success, accelerating improvements in technology and the science of meteorology and hydrology imply that continuing modernization of the National Weather Service (NWS) is required. This report uses lessons learned from the 1990'... More >>

Report in Brief

Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs (2012)

Although all weather is driven by large scale weather patterns, the characteristics of urban settings—such as buildings of varying heights and large areas of paved streets and parking lots—can generate a unique urban weather environment. Given that three out of five people worldwide are expected to live in an urban environment by 2030, accurately forecasting urban weather is becoming increasingly important to protect these densely-populated area... More >>

Report in Brief

A Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Strategic Plan (2012)

"Global change research" engages agencies and departments across the federal government in many diverse activities, coordinated by the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). The USGCRP is developing a 10-year Strategic Plan to strengthen the Program's role in sustaining a strategically-driven, coordinated national effort. As independent advisor to the Program, a National Research Council committee has reviewed the draft Plan. The committe... More >>

The National Weather Service Modernization and Associated Restructuring: A Retrospective Assessment (2011)

Report in Brief >> During the 20th century, the National Weather Service was unable to keep up with the pace of technological advances and as a result was nearly obsolete by the 1980s. Between 1989 and 2000, the nation invested an estimated $4.5 billion to modernize and restructure the National Weather Service. Efforts to modernize the National Weather Service succeeded in achieving major improvements for the weather enterprise. This repor... More >>

Report in Brief