Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 21 - 25 of 111

The National Weather Service Modernization and Associated Restructuring: A Retrospective Assessment (2011)

Report in Brief >> During the 20th century, the National Weather Service was unable to keep up with the pace of technological advances and as a result was nearly obsolete by the 1980s. Between 1989 and 2000, the nation invested an estimated $4.5 billion to modernize and restructure the National Weather Service. Efforts to modernize the National Weather Service succeeded in achieving major improvements for the weather enterprise. This repor... More >>

Report in Brief

America's Climate Choices (2011)

This final America's Climate Choices report is the conclusion of a five-report series that included: Advancing the Science of Climate Change Limiting the Magnitude of Climate Change Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change Climate change is occurring, is very likely caused primarily by the emission of greenhouse gases from human activities, and poses significant risks for a range of human an... More >>

Report in Brief

Monitoring Climate Change Impacts: Metrics at the Intersection of the Human and Earth Systems (2010)

This report from the National Research Council identifies seventy-one metrics that when taken together may give advance warning of climate-related changes and their impacts across a range of both local and global scales. Currently, many observing systems capture elements of how climate is changing, such as direct measurements of atmospheric and ocean temperature. However, these measurements do not provide information about the impacts o... More >>

Assessment of Intraseasonal to Interannual Climate Prediction and Predictability (2010)

Accurate forecasts of climate conditions over time periods of weeks to a few years—called intraseasonal to interannual timescales—can help people plan agricultural activities, mitigate drought, and manage energy resources. However, current forecast systems have limited ability on these timescales because models for such climate forecasts must take into account complex interactions among the ocean, atmosphere, and land surface, as well a... More >>

Report in Brief

Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change (2010)

Advancing the Science of Climate Change Limiting the Magnitude of Climate Change Adapting to the Impacts of Climate ChangeA five-video series on the America's Climate Choices project Demand for information to support climate-related decisions has grown as people, organizations, and governments have moved ahead with plans and actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Today, however, the natio... More >>

Report in Brief