Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 34

A Framework to Guide Selection of Chemical Alternatives (2014)

Concerns about the health and environmental impacts associated with some chemical products and processes have motivated a growing number of national, state, and local governments, manufacturers, and retailers to develop assessments and approaches for finding safer chemical substitutes. These existing assessment frameworks reflect a range of different priorities, whether the focus is on protecting workers, the environment, the end users o... More >>

Report in Brief

Safe Science: Promoting a Culture of Safety in Academic Chemical Research (2014)

Safe Science: Learn more The following PDF resources are written specifically for: Principal Investigators and Department Chairs Laboratory Researchers University Senior Leaders Deans and Vice Presidents for Research Environmental Health and Safety Staff Recent serious accidents in chemical research laboratories in US universities--some of them fatal--have highlighted a need for improved lab safety; but it has become increasingly clea... More >>

TRB Special Report 311: Effects of Diluted Bitumen on Crude Oil Transmission Pipelines (2013)

TRB Special Report 311: Effects of Diluted Bitumen on Crude Oil Transmission Pipelines analyzes whether shipments of diluted bitumen have a greater likelihood of release from pipelines than shipments of other crude oils. The oil sands region of Canada is the source of diluted bitumen shipped by pipeline to the United States. The committee that produced the report did not find any pipeline failures unique to the transportation of diluted bitume... More >>

Determining Core Capabilities in Chemical and Biological Defense Science and Technology (2012)

With the goal of providing world-class capabilities to allow the nation's armed forces to fight chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear attack, the U.S. Department of Defense's Chemical and Biological Defense Program must continuously evolve to keep up with the changing nature of conflict and rapid advances in science and technology. This report identifies the core capabilities that must be supported by the program, and identifie... More >>

Transforming Glycoscience: A Roadmap for the Future (2012)

A new focus on glycoscience, a field that explores the structures and functions of sugars, promises great advances in areas as diverse as medicine, energy generation, and materials science, this report finds. Glycans—also known as carbohydrates, saccharides, or simply as sugars—play central roles in many biological processes and have properties useful in an array of applications. However, glycans have received little attention from the researc... More >>

Report in Brief