Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 16 - 20 of 45

Transforming Glycoscience: A Roadmap for the Future (2012)

A new focus on glycoscience, a field that explores the structures and functions of sugars, promises great advances in areas as diverse as medicine, energy generation, and materials science, this report finds. Glycans—also known as carbohydrates, saccharides, or simply as sugars—play central roles in many biological processes and have properties useful in an array of applications. However, glycans have received little attention from the researc... More >>

Report in Brief

Assuring a Future U.S.-Based Nuclear and Radiochemistry Expertise (2012)

Q&A with the Committee Chair >> Despite the growing use of nuclear medicine, the potential expansion of nuclear power generation, and the urgent need to protect the nation against nuclear threats and manage nuclear wastes generated in past decades, the number of students opting to specialize in nuclear and radiochemistry has decreased significantly over the past few decades. Now, with many experts in these topics approaching retirement age... More >>

Report in Brief

The Use and Storage of Methyl Isocyanate at Bayer CropScience (2012)

The use of hazardous chemicals such as methyl isocyanate can be a significant concern to the residents of communities adjacent to chemical facilities, but is often an integral, necessary part of the chemical manufacturing process. In order to ensure that chemical manufacturing takes place in a manner that is safe for workers, members of the local community, and the environment, the philosophy of inherently safer processing can be used t... More >>

Report in Brief

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Management of Chemical Hazards, Revised Edition (2011)

Reflecting recent scientific developments and new regulations, this report updates National Research Council guidelines that have served as an authoritative reference for the safe use of hazardous chemicals in laboratories for almost thirty years. The guidelines are used by laboratory personnel as well as regulatory agencies worldwide concerned with safety in the workplace and environmental protection. New topics covered in this update include... More >>

Report in Brief

Transforming Combustion Research through Cyberinfrastructure (2011)

Combustion has provided society with most of its energy needs for millenia, from igniting the fires of cave dwellers to propelling the rockets that traveled to the Moon. Even in the face of climate change and the increasing availability of alternative energy sources, fossil fuels will continue to be used for many decades. However, they will likely become more expensive, and pressure to minimize undesired combustion by-products (pollutants) wil... More >>