Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 16 - 20 of 43

The Use and Storage of Methyl Isocyanate at Bayer CropScience (2012)

The use of hazardous chemicals such as methyl isocyanate can be a significant concern to the residents of communities adjacent to chemical facilities, but is often an integral, necessary part of the chemical manufacturing process. In order to ensure that chemical manufacturing takes place in a manner that is safe for workers, members of the local community, and the environment, the philosophy of inherently safer processing can be used t... More >>

Report in Brief

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Management of Chemical Hazards, Revised Edition (2011)

Reflecting recent scientific developments and new regulations, this report updates National Research Council guidelines that have served as an authoritative reference for the safe use of hazardous chemicals in laboratories for almost thirty years. The guidelines are used by laboratory personnel as well as regulatory agencies worldwide concerned with safety in the workplace and environmental protection. New topics covered in this update include... More >>

Report in Brief

Transforming Combustion Research through Cyberinfrastructure (2011)

Combustion has provided society with most of its energy needs for millenia, from igniting the fires of cave dwellers to propelling the rockets that traveled to the Moon. Even in the face of climate change and the increasing availability of alternative energy sources, fossil fuels will continue to be used for many decades. However, they will likely become more expensive, and pressure to minimize undesired combustion by-products (pollutants) wil... More >>

BioWatch and Public Health Surveillance: Evaluating Systems for the Early Detection of Biological Threats: Abbreviated Version (2010)

Following the attacks of September 11, 2001 and the anthrax letters, the ability to detect biological threats as quickly as possible became a top priority. In 2003 the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) introduced the BioWatch program--a federal monitoring system intended to speed detection of specific biological agents that could be released in aerosolized form during a biological attack. The present volume evaluates the costs and merits o... More >>

Promoting Chemical Laboratory Safety and Security in Developing Countries (2010)

Work with chemicals is carried out in small-scale industrial and academic labs across the globe. These facilities pose a unique security threat, because they tend to operate independently and function with less oversight and more public accessibility than larger facilities. Chemical labs in developing countries, faced with financial and other constraints, find it particularly challenging to manage safety and security. Given the growing concer... More >>