Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 21 - 25 of 45

BioWatch and Public Health Surveillance: Evaluating Systems for the Early Detection of Biological Threats: Abbreviated Version (2010)

Following the attacks of September 11, 2001 and the anthrax letters, the ability to detect biological threats as quickly as possible became a top priority. In 2003 the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) introduced the BioWatch program--a federal monitoring system intended to speed detection of specific biological agents that could be released in aerosolized form during a biological attack. The present volume evaluates the costs and merits o... More >>

Promoting Chemical Laboratory Safety and Security in Developing Countries (2010)

Work with chemicals is carried out in small-scale industrial and academic labs across the globe. These facilities pose a unique security threat, because they tend to operate independently and function with less oversight and more public accessibility than larger facilities. Chemical labs in developing countries, faced with financial and other constraints, find it particularly challenging to manage safety and security. Given the growing concer... More >>

Research at the Intersection of the Physical and Life Sciences (2009)

An increasing number of scientists are addressing problems that lie at the intersection of the life sciences and the physical sciences. This report discusses how some of the most important scientific and societal challenges can be addressed, at least in part, by collaborative research among traditional disciplines, including biology, chemistry, and physics. It describes how tools and techniques developed in the physical sciences are being applie... More >>

Catalysis for Energy: Fundamental Science and Long-Term Impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences Catalysis Science Program (2009)

Catalysis, the process by which a substance (a catalyst) increases the rate of a chemical reaction, is essential to the ability to control chemical reactions, including those involved in energy transformations. Catalysis is therefore integral to current and future energy solutions, for example, developing environmentally benign energy sources such as biomass and solar energy, and developing efficient energy systems such as fuel cells. Thi... More >>

Report in Brief

Test and Evaluation of Biological Standoff Detection Systems (2008)

A biological warfare agent is a microorganism or a toxin derived from a living organism that causes disease in humans, plants, or animals. Defense against an intentional release of such agents would be enhanced greatly if the agent could be detected well before it reaches its target population. The development of reliable biological standoff detection systems, therefore, is a key goal. However, testing the effectiveness of biological standof... More >>