Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 21 - 25 of 43

Research at the Intersection of the Physical and Life Sciences (2009)

An increasing number of scientists are addressing problems that lie at the intersection of the life sciences and the physical sciences. This report discusses how some of the most important scientific and societal challenges can be addressed, at least in part, by collaborative research among traditional disciplines, including biology, chemistry, and physics. It describes how tools and techniques developed in the physical sciences are being applie... More >>

Catalysis for Energy: Fundamental Science and Long-Term Impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences Catalysis Science Program (2009)

Catalysis, the process by which a substance (a catalyst) increases the rate of a chemical reaction, is essential to the ability to control chemical reactions, including those involved in energy transformations. Catalysis is therefore integral to current and future energy solutions, for example, developing environmentally benign energy sources such as biomass and solar energy, and developing efficient energy systems such as fuel cells. Thi... More >>

Report in Brief

Test and Evaluation of Biological Standoff Detection Systems (2008)

A biological warfare agent is a microorganism or a toxin derived from a living organism that causes disease in humans, plants, or animals. Defense against an intentional release of such agents would be enhanced greatly if the agent could be detected well before it reaches its target population. The development of reliable biological standoff detection systems, therefore, is a key goal. However, testing the effectiveness of biological standof... More >>

Soldier Protective Clothing and Equipment: Feasibility of Chemical Testing Using a Fully Articulated Robotic Mannequin (2008)

There is an ongoing need to test and ensure effectiveness of personal protective equipment that soldiers use to protect themselves against chemical warfare agents. However, testing using human subjects presents major challenges and current human-size thermal mannequins have limited testing capabilities. The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) along with their counterparts from other countries are seeking to develop more human like mannequins... More >>

Report in Brief

A Framework for Assessing the Health Hazards Posed by Bioaerosols (2008)

Biological detectors play an important role in protecting military personnel and the general public from biological warfare, where biological agents (bacteria, viruses, or other disease-causing organisms) are used to intentionally harm or kill. Designed to detect such agents promptly, biological detectors make it possible to minimize contamination and exposure and initiate early treatment. It is also important that these detectors do not se... More >>