Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 6 - 10 of 111

From Maps to Models: Augmenting the Nation's Geospatial Intelligence Capabilities (2017)

The United States faces numerous, varied, and evolving threats to national security, including terrorism, scarcity and disruption of food and water supplies, extreme weather events, and regional conflicts around the world. Effectively managing these threats requires intelligence that not only assesses what is happening now, but that also anticipates potential future threats. The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) is responsible fo... More >>

Volcanic Eruptions and Their Repose, Unrest, Precursors, and Timing (2017)

Despite broad understanding of volcanoes, key questions regarding the timing, duration, style, size, and consequences of volcanic eruptions remain unanswered, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. To improve eruption forecasting and warnings to save lives, the report identifies three grand challenges for the volcanic science community. More >>

Report in Brief

State of the Art and Practice in the Assessment of Earthquake-Induced Soil Liquefaction and Its Consequences (2016)

Earthquake-induced soil liquefaction is a leading cause of earthquake damage worldwide. Studies often describe liquefaction as the phenomena of seismic generation of excess porewater* pressures, which then soften granular soils. Many regions in the United States have been witness to liquefaction and its consequences, such as the inability of soils to support the foundations of buildings and other infrastructure. Past damage and destructio... More >>

Report in Brief

Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences (2015)

Transformative research drives science forward by redefining entire fields of study, forming new research communities, and even launching new industries. Such research brings great rewards, but also carries risks for funding agencies that are challenged to identify, at their earliest stages, those projects that have the potential to yield transformative results. By reviewing how transformative research emerged in the past, the report identifie... More >>

Report in Brief

Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock (2015)

Characterizing and modeling fluid flow through fractured rock is vital to limiting the spread of chemical contaminants through rock features; for understanding where reservoirs of petroleum, water, or geothermal resources may form; and for engineering stable and resilient underground infrastructure. Over the past twenty years there have been significant advances in abilities to model and characterize these pathways, but significant challenge... More >>