Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 167

Review of Report and Approach to Evaluating Long-Term Health Effect in Army Test Subjects -- Interim Report (2018)

Between 1942 and 1975, the U.S. Army conducted tests with human subjects to study the effects of a variety of agents, including chemical warfare and biological agents. A recent report evaluated the potential long-term health effects in these former test subjects from their exposures. The report was prepared to assist the Army with making legal determinations regarding medical care for the test participants. This two-phase study examines whethe... More >>

Environmental Chemicals, the Human Microbiome, and Health Risk: A Research Strategy (2017)

The human microbiome is composed of a great number of diverse microorganisms that inhabit the human body. Until recently, the role of the microbiome in maintaining human health was not fully appreciated. Today, however, scientists are beginning to explain the important roles that it might play in a wide array of diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, and inflammatory bowel disease. Recent studies have indicated that the human microbiome ca... More >>

Report in Brief

Investigative Strategies for Lead-Source Attribution at Superfund Sites Associated with Mining Activities (2017)

The Superfund program of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was created in the 1980s to address human-health and environmental risks posed by abandoned or uncontrolled hazardous-waste sites. As part of this process, EPA attempts to identify parties that are responsible for the contamination and thus financially responsible for remediation. However, identifying potentially responsible parties is complicated because Superfund sites ca... More >>

Application of Systematic Review Methods in an Overall Strategy for Evaluating Low-Dose Toxicity from Endocrine Active Chemicals (2017)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates toxic chemicals as part of its mission to protect human health and the environment. Traditional toxicity testing relies heavily on studies that expose test animals to chemicals at amounts much higher than typical human exposures (i.e., low doses). However, some chemicals can cause health effects at low doses. This report outlines a strategy to improve EPA's ability to evaluate evidence o... More >>

Report in Brief

A Review of the Environmental Protection Agency's Science to Achieve Results Research Program (2017)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) supports extramural research at academic and nonprofit institutions through a competitive, peer-reviewed grant program known as Science to Achieve Results, or STAR. The STAR program funds research to address critical gaps in knowledge in areas of science that are relevant to Environmental Protection Agency's mission. At the request of EPA, this report assesses the STAR program's scientific merit... More >>

Report in Brief