Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

Read more about National Academies reports >>

Search all reports

To search for an exact phrase, use quotation marks (i.e., “Earth and life”)
Showing results 1 - 5 of 158

Sustainability Concepts in Decision-Making: Tools and Approaches for the US Environmental Protection Agency (2014)

Population growth, climate change, and greater consumption of natural resources are just a few of the challenges the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) faces in pursuing its mission to protect human health and the environment. The agency has increasingly embraced the use of sustainability tools and approaches for considering the potential social, environmental, and economic effects of agency decisions and actions. This report identifie... More >>

Rethinking the Components, Coordination, and Management of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Laboratories (2014)

As an agency with the mission and regulatory responsibility to protect human health and the environment, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires substantial high-quality in-house scientific expertise and laboratory capabilities so that it can answer questions related to regulation, enforcement, and environmental effects of specific chemicals, activities, and processes. EPA’s laboratory system consists of a distributed network o... More >>

Review of the Formaldehyde Assessment in the National Toxicology Program 12th Report on Carcinogens (2014)

In 1981, the National Toxicology Program (NTP) listed formaldehyde in the 2nd Report on Carcinogens (RoC) as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen." In 2011, NTP upgraded the listing of formaldehyde in the 12th RoC to "known to be a human carcinogen." Following the new listing, Congress directed the Department of Health and Human Services to arrange for the National Academy of Sciences to independently review formaldehyde’s substanc... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Styrene Assessment in the National Toxicology Program 12th Report on Carcinogens (2014)

In 2011, the National Toxicology Program listed styrene as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" in its 12th Report on Carcinogens. Congress directed the Department of Health and Human Services to request the National Academy of Sciences to review independently the substance profile of styrene and its listing in the Report on Carcinogens. This report presents the findings and conclusions of the committee formed in response to th... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of EPA's Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Process (2014)

At the request of Congress, this study evaluates EPA's progress in responding to recommendations from the National Research Council for improving the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) process, which is the program responsible for developing toxicologic assessments of chemical contaminants in the environment. The study finds that the changes to the IRIS process that EPA has proposed and implemented to various degrees constitute substantia... More >>

Report in Brief