Earth Sciences: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 56 - 60 of 125

Future Challenges for the U.S. Geological Survey's Mineral Resources Program (2004)

The committee assessed the USGS's responses to a 1996 program review, evaluated the minerals information team, and examined how the program's mission and vision might evolve to meet the nation's future needs over the next decade. More >>

Fair Weather: Effective Partnerships in Weather and Climate Services (2003)

The report examines the roles of the public, private, and academic sectors in providing weather and climate services, the barriers to interaction among the sectors, and the impact of scientific and technological advances on the weather enterprise. The report recommends that the National Weather Service should continue to issue general forecasts and provide unrestricted access to observational data and model results, even though private companie... More >>

Weaving A National Map: A Review of the U.S. Geological Survey Concept of the National Map (2003)

This report discusses how the U.S. Geological Survey's proposed approach to updating its aging paper map series is ambitious, challenging, and worthwhile for the nation. However, the proposed "National Map" initiative would gain from improved definition so that the unprecedented number of partners needed for success will become energized to participate. The challenges faced by USGS in implementing The National Map are more organizational tha... More >>

Living on an Active Earth: Perspectives on Earthquake Science (2003)

The destructive force of earthquakes has stimulated human inquiry since ancient times, yet the scientific study of earthquakes is a surprisingly recent endeavor. Instrumental recordings of earthquakes were not made until the second half of the 19th century, and the primary mechanism for generating seismic waves was not identified until the beginning of the 20th century. This book describes the growth and origins of earthquake science an... More >>

One Step at a Time: The Staged Development of Geologic Repositories for High-Level Radioactive Waste (2003)

The report focuses on a management approach called "adaptive staging" as a promising means to develop geologic repositories for high-level radioactive waste such as the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Adaptive staging is a learn-as-you-go process that enables project managers to continuously reevaluate and adjust the program in response to new knowledge and stakeholder input. Advice is given on how to implemen... More >>