Report Authors: Nutrient Requirements of Cats and Dogs

Donald C. Beitz, Ph.D. is Charles F. Curtiss Distinguished Professor of Agriculture since 1989 in the Departments of Animal Science and of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology at Iowa State University, where he has taught since 1967. His expertise lies primarily in comparative nutrition, with an emphasis in the areas of human and domestic animal nutrition, biochemistry, and molecular biology. His research interests focus on lipid and vitamin metabolism. He is currently involved in research on the oral use of Eubacterium coprostanoligenes to decrease blood cholesterol levels in animals and humans; use of glucagon to prevent and treat bovine fatty liver; influence of vitamin D on meat tenderness; and metabolism of conjugated linoleic acid by animals. Beitz has served as both a member (1990 - 1994) and chair (1995 - 1998) of NRC's Committee on Animal Nutrition. He also served as a member of the NRC Briefing Panel on Biotechnology in Agriculture (1985). In addition to numerous university-wide committees, Beitz also has served as a member and officer in professional societies such as the American Society for Nutritional Sciences (formerly American Institute of Nutrition), the American Society of Animal Science, American Dairy Science Association, American Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Comparative Nutrition Society, and various U.S. Department of Agriculture advisory committees. Beitz received his B.S. (1962) in agricultural science and his M.S. (1963) in dairy science both from the University of Illinois. He received his Ph.D. in dairy nutrition and biochemistry from Michigan State University in 1967.

John E. Bauer, Ph.D., D.V.M. is Professor of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery and holder of the Mark L. Morris Professorship of Clinical Nutrition in the College of Veterinary Medicine at Texas A&M University. He is the immediate past chair of the Intercollegiate Graduate Faculty of Nutrition at Texas A&M. Bauer's areas of specialization are lipid biochemistry, disorders of lipid metabolism, and comparative biomedicine and nutrition. His studies have included lipoprotein and fatty acid metabolism of domestic and exotic animals as well as animal models of hypercholesterolemia and atherogenesis of humans. He has written over 230 peer-reviewed and other publications, is the recipient of numerous grants, awards and honors and is listed in American Men and Women of Science, Who's Who in Veterinary Science and Medicine. He has received several Outstanding Paper Presentation Awards from the American Oil Chemists' Society, and C. E. Cornelius Young Investigator Research Award from the University of Florida. Bauer has chaired and has been an active member on several committees in the animal nutrition field over the past twenty years. Bauer received his D.V.M. from University of Illinois as well as his M.S. and Ph.D. in nutritional sciences.

Keith Behnke, Ph.D. is professor in the Department of Grain Science and Industry at Kansas State University where he has been a member of the faculty since 1971. He currently coordinates all feed processing research and the production of all research feeds manufactured by the Department of Grain Science and Industry. Prior to his position at Kansas State University, Behnke was a group leader in processing research of the food division of Far Mar, Co., in Hutchison, Kansas. Behnke is currently a member of several professional societies and associations, some of which include the American Society of Animal Science, Poultry Science Association, American Feed Industry Association, and the Chinese Feed Manufacturing Association, of which he is an honorary member. Behnke received his B.S. in Feed Technology (1968), his M.S. in Grain Science (1973) and his Ph.D. in Grain Science (1975) from Kansas State University.

David A. Dzanis, D.V.M., Ph.D. is owner of Dzanis Consulting and Collaborations, which provides post product development consulting services on matters related to veterinary nutrition and regulation including services for interpreting state and federal laws, federal and state labeling issues, and compliance in marketing claims. Prior to beginning full-time work as a consultant in 1998, Dzanis spent eight years in the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Veterinary Medicine of the Department of Health and Human Services as a veterinary nutritionist. He is currently a contributing editor for Petfood Industry and was editor-in-chief for Veterinary Clinical Nutrition. He has served as chairman of the Association of American Feed Control Official's Feline Nutrition Expert Subcommittee and Canine Nutrition Expert Subcommittee. Dzanis has also served in various capacities as a member of the American College Veterinary Nutrition (Diplomate 1990), American Academy of Veterinary Nutrition, and American Veterinary Medical Association. Awards and honors received include the FDA Group Recognition Award in 1998, Association of American Feed Control Official's Distinguished Service Award in 1994, FDA Commissioner's Special Citation in 1992, FDA Commendable Service Award in 1991, and the ALPO/American Veterinary Medical Association Foundation's Fellowship in Veterinary Nutrition in 1984. Dzanis has published scientific and lay articles. He received his D.V.M. from Purdue University and his Ph.D. from Cornell University.

George C. Fahey, Jr., Ph.D. is Professor of Animal Sciences and Nutritional Sciences and assistant dean, Office of Research, Agricultural Experiment Station, College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Fahey's specific areas of research include companion animal nutrition, oligosaccharides and resistant starches, and plant cell wall structure and its effects on nutrition of ruminant and nonruminant animals and humans. Fahey has been a reviewer for many journals, and has served and is currently serving on the editorial board of journals such as Archives of Animal Nutrition, Journal of Nutrition, and Journal of Dairy Science. Fahey has served as chairman, secretary and as a member of numerous committees in the animal science and nutrition fields. Fahey has worked with the NRC on many occasions; he was a member of Committee on Animal Nutrition, Subcommittee on Laboratory Animal Nutrition, and Subcommittee on Establishing a North American Feed Information System. Some of the many awards and honors received by Fahey include the Distinguished Alumnus award from West Virginia University College of Agriculture, Forestry and Family Resources in 1997, Senior Faculty Award for Excellence in Research from College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1996, Distinguished Service Award from Farmland Industries in 1994, Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc. Forage Award from American Dairy Science Association in 1992, and American Feed Industry Association Award for Ruminant Nutrition Research in 1990. Fahey received his M.S. in agricultural biochemistry and his Ph.D. in animal nutrition from West Virginia University.

Richard C. Hill, VetMB, Ph.D., MRCVS Hill is Waltham Assistant Professor of Clinical Nutrition in the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida. He has expertise in the area of dietary effects on performance of dogs. His research focuses on the nutritional requirements of exercising dogs, specifically the energy and protein requirements of dogs. Hill studies the effects of dietary protein on performance and body composition in racing greyhounds, as well as the maintenance requirements of inactive dogs and cats. Hill is a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine, and is a member of numerous veterinary medical associations, including the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons and the Comparative Gastroenterology Society. He received the University of Florida's Clinical Sciences Teacher of the Year award in 1997. Hill received his undergraduate degree and his VetMB from Cambridge University in England, and his Ph.D. from the University of Florida.

Francis A. Kallfelz, D.V.M., Ph.D. is the James Law Professor of Nutrition in the Department of Clinical Sciences, New York State College of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University. Awards that Kallfelz has received include IAEA Expert Consultant to Government of Indonesia on Mineral Metabolism of Farm Animals, Special Service Agreement (consultant) for the Animal Production and Health Section of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division, and Senior Fulbright-Hays Advanced Research Award. Kallfelz has been in academia for nearly forty years, and has published extensively during this time. He has also been invited to speak at a number of conferences and meetings. Kallfelz is a member of several professional organizations, including the American Society for Nutritional Sciences, the Society of Nuclear Medicine, Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine and the American Academy of Veterinary Nutrition. He is a charter diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Nutrition. He is also president-elect of the New York State Veterinary Medical Society as well as a member of the New York State Board for Veterinary Medicine. Kallfelz received both his D.V.M. and Ph.D. degree from Cornell University.

Ellen Kienzle, Dr. med. vet., Dr. med. vet. habil. is chair of animal nutrition and dietetics in the Institute of Animal Physiology of the Veterinary Faculty at Ludwig-Maximilians University in Germany, Kienzle graduated from Tieraerztlichen Hochschule University in Hanover and received her license to practice veterinary medicine in 1982, and her Doctorate Medicinae Veterinariae in 1983. In 1989, she received her Doctorate Medicinae Veterinariae Habilitation. Kienzle has published extensively in the area of carbohydrate metabolism, nutrient requirements of adult cats, dogs and puppies, and computer diet formulation, She is board-certified in Veterinary Nutrition in Germany and has received awards for her research by the University of Zuerich, which presented her with the Walter-Frei-Prize in 1997. Kienzle is a member of the Society of Nutrition Physiology, German Veterinary Society, previous president and current member of European Society of Veterinary and Comparative Nutrition, and founding president of European College of Veterinary and Comparative Nutrition. Kienzle is currently the coeditor of the Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition.

James Morris, Ph.D. is currently retired from his professorship in the School of Veterinary Medicine's Department of Molecular Sciences at the University of California, Davis where he has been a member of the faculty since 1969. Morris has served as both the chair (1985-1988) and as a member (1981-1985) of the NRC Committee on Animal Nutrition. He has also been a member of both the Subcommittee on Cat Nutrition (1983-1989) and the Subcommittee on Dog Nutrition (1980-1985). Morris has recently received an Honorary Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Medicine (1997), the Osborne Mendel Award from the American Society of Nutritional Sciences (1997) and a Fellowship with the American Society of Nutritional Sciences (1996). In addition, he is a reviewer for the Journal of Nutrition, JAVMA, AJVR and the American Journal of Physiology. Morris received a Bachelors of Agricultural Science (1952, 1954 - honors), a Bachelor of Science (1958) with a major in physiology and a minor in biochemistry, and a Master of Agricultural Science (animal nutrition, 1959) from the University of Queensland in Brisbane Australia. Morris received his Ph.D. in nutrition and biochemistry from Utah State University in 1961.

Quinton R. Rogers, Ph.D. is a professor of physiological chemistry in the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of California, Davis. Rogers' research was the foundation for the discovery of the taurine requirement of cats. He has published approximately 280 articles in research areas such as protein and animo acid nutrition, the role of amino acids in the control of food intake and metabolism, and nutritional diseases of animals. Rogers has served as associate editor for American Journal of Clinical Nutrition and is a member of the editorial board for Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. Awards and honors received by Rogers include Honorary Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Nutrition in 1997, Osborne Mendel Award from the American Society of Nutritional Sciences in 1997, Faculty Research Award from the School of Veterinary Medicine form University of California in 1992, and Ralston Purina Small Animal Medicine Research Award in Nutrition in 1986. Rogers received his Ph.D. and M. S. in Biochemistry from University of Wisconsin, Madison.