Board Members

A.R. "RAVI" RAVISHANKARA (NAS) (Chair) is a Professor in the Departments of Chemistry and Atmospheric Science at Colorado State University. He was at National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Chemical Sciences Division (CSD) of Earth System Research Laboratory for nearly 30 years in Boulder, CO. There, he served as the Director of CSD from 2006 through 2014, and was a Senior Scientist prior to the Directorship. Before coming to NOAA, he was at Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta. Dr. Ravishankara has worked over the past three and a half decades on the chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere as it relates to stratospheric ozone depletion, climate change, and regional air quality. His measurements in the laboratory and in the atmosphere have contributed to deciphering the ozone layer depletion, including the ozone hole; to quantifying the role of chemically active species on climate; and to advancing understanding of the formation, removal, and properties of pollutants. He is an author or coauthor of nearly 350 peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Ravishankara is a member of the US National Academy of Sciences, as well as Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, of the Royal Society of Chemistry, of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. His many awards include the Polanyi Medal of the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Stratospheric Ozone Protection award of the US Environmental Protection Agency, and the American Chemical Society's award for Creative Advances in Environmental Sciences. He is currently a co-chair of the WMO/UNEP Science Assessment Panel on Stratospheric Ozone and a member of the Science Advisory Panel of the Climate Clean Air Coalition of UNEP. He has served or continues to serve on many national and international committees. He is on the Editorial Board of Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. He has previously served as an Editor of Geophysical Research Letters, and has been on the Editorial Board of Chemical Physics Research Letters and International Journal of Chemical Kinetics.


SHUYI S. CHEN (Vice-chair) is a Professor of Meteorology and Physical Oceanography at the Rosenthal School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (RSMAS) of the University of Miami. Her research interest focuses on air-sea interactions and tropical meteorology including hurricanes and coastal hazards. She leads a research group that developed the University of Miami Coupled Model (UMCM), a new generation high-resolution coupled atmosphere-wave-ocean model for weather research and prediction. She has been a lead scientist of major observational field campaigns including the Hurricane Rainbands and Intensity Change Experiment (RAINEX) and the Coupled Boundary Layer Air-Sea Transfer (CBLAST)-Hurricane in the Atlantic, the Impact of Typhoon on the Ocean in the Pacific (ITOP), and the Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO) over the Indian Oceans. She served as an Editor for Weather and Forecasting and on panels of experts testified in the U.S. Congressional Hearings on weather and climate in 2008 and 2013. She is a Fellow of American Meteorological Society. Chen received her Ph.D. from the Pennsylvania State University in 1990.


CECILIA BITZ is a Professor of Atmospheric Sciences Department at the University of Washington, and she is part of the UW Program on Climate Change. Cecilia's research focus is on climate and climate change in the high latitudes, climate modeling, and the health impacts of climate change. She is currently working on Arctic sea ice predictability, the hydroclimate of Antarctica, and climate change effects on pollen. She has traveled to both the Arctic and Antarctic to make measurement to understand sea ice physics and improve predictive models. Cecilia earned her PhD in 1997 from the department of her current position. She is co-lead of the WCRP Polar Climate Predictability Initiative, and is an active volunteer and science advisor to Polar Bears International. Recently Cecilia served for the NAS study groups on "Next Generation Earth System Predictions: Strategies for Subseasonal to Seasonal Forecasts" and "National Security Implications of Climate Change for U.S. Naval Forces." She was among the last members who served on the NAS Climate Research Committee.


LANCE F. BOSART is a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the University at Albany/SUNY. He joined the University at Albany faculty after he received his Ph.D. in meteorology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1969. He was promoted to full professor in 1983 and distinguished professor in 2004. His research specialty is synoptic-dynamic meteorology. Bosart works on a variety of observationally driven large-scale, synoptic-scale and mesoscale basic research problems that focus on gaining a better understanding of the behavior of tropical, midlatitude and polar weather systems.


MARK A. CANE (NAS) is G. Unger Vetlesen Professor of Earth and Climate Sciences, Emeritus, Columbia University;Founder, Master of Arts Program in Climate and Society. Dr. Cane received his B.A., Harvard, 1965; M.A., 1966, and Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1976. Like so many other oceanographers, Dr. Cane was born in Brooklyn, New York, in the days before the Dodgers left and precipitated the decline of American civilization. With Lamont colleague Dr. Stephen Zebiak, he devised the first numerical model able to simulate El Niño. In 1985 this model was used to make the first physically based forecasts of El Niño. Over the years the Zebiak-Cane model has been the primary tool used by many investigators to enhance understanding of ENSO. Dr. Cane continues to work on El Niño prediction, and has also worked extensively on the impact of El Niño and climate generally on human activity, especially agriculture, health, and, most recently, conflict. His efforts over many years were instrumental in the creation of the International Research Institute for Climate and Society, where he is Chief Physical Scientist. In recent years Dr. Cane's research interests have often focused on paleoclimate problems, from the Pliocene to the last millennium, and the light they shed on future climate change. Dr. Cane has written one book and some 250 papers on a broad range of topics and has served on numerous international and national committees. Dr. Cane has been honored with the Sverdrup Gold Medal of the American Meteorological Society, the Cody Award in Ocean Sciences from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and the Norbert Gerbier-MUMM International Award from the World Meteorological Organization, and the Maurice Ewing Medal of the American Geophysical Union. He is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society; the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Geophysical Union, the Oceanography Society, and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and of the National Academy of Sciences.


HEIDI CULLEN serves as Vice President and Chief Climatologist for Climate Central — a non-profit science journalism organization headquartered in Princeton, New Jersey. She is a Visiting Lecturer at Princeton University and a Senior Research Fellow at the Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Cullen is the author of The Weather of the Future published by Harper Collins. Before joining Climate Central, where she reports on climate and energy issues, Dr. Cullen served as The Weather Channel's first on-air climate expert and helped create Forecast Earth, a weekly television series focused on issues related to climate change and the environment. Prior to that Dr. Cullen worked as a research scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado. She received the NOAA Climate & Global Change Fellowship and spent two years at Columbia University's International Research Institute for Climate and Society working to apply long-range climate forecasts to the water resources sector in Brazil and Paraguay. She is a member of the American Geophysical Union, the American Meteorological Society and the Society of Environmental Journalists. Dr. Cullen also serves as a member of the NOAA Science Advisory Board. She received a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Engineering from Columbia University and went on to receive a Ph.D. in climatology and ocean-atmosphere dynamics at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University.


PAMELA EMCH is an Engineering Fellow at Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems in Redondo Beach, California. She works in Northrop's Space Systems Division on weather, climate, and environmental remote sensing and information technology activities supporting the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Department of Defense, and international customers. From 2005 to 2007 she was System Engineering, Integration, and Test Lead on Northrop's GOES-R PDRR Program. Before working on GOES-R, Dr. Emch spent eight years on Northrop's NPOESS Program effort, the last two years of which she relocated to Washington, D.C. to serve as Northrop's system engineering and science interface to the NPOESS government program office in Silver Spring, Maryland. Prior to that Dr. Emch managed development of end-to-end physics/instrument/satellite remote sensing simulations, archives for environmental multimedia data, and led environmental data-collection and application activities for hyperspectral airborne instruments. Dr. Emch holds an M.S. degree in aerospace engineering from the University of Southern California, and a B.A. in mathematics and Ph.D. in civil and environmental engineering from the University of California, Los Angeles, specializing in water resources with a minor focus in atmospheric sciences. She served as a member of the National Research Council Committee on the "Assessment of the National Weather Service's Modernization Program" which authored two reports including "Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None". She has served as Chair of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Board on Enterprise Economic Development, and as a member of the Executive Committee of the AMS Commission on the Weather and Climate Enterprise. She is a co-Chair of the Weather Coalition.


ARLENE FIORE is an Associate Professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences and Lamont-Doherty Observatory of Columbia University. Until 2011, she was a Research Physical Scientist in the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory for NOAA. Her research aims to advance our understanding of how anthropogenic and natural pollutant emissions influence atmospheric chemistry, climate, and regional air pollution, and how atmospheric composition and air quality respond to changes in climate. Fiore was a lead and contributing author of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report, is a member of the Scientific Steering Committee for the IGAC/SPARC Chemistry-Climate Modeling Initiative, and served as a Co-chair of the Community Climate System Model Chemistry-Climate Working Group. She received the American Geophysical Union (AGU) James B. Macelwane Medal in December 2011, the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) in July 2006, and the AGU James R. Holton Junior Scientist Award, December 2005. Fiore received her A.B. in Environmental Geoscience from Harvard University in 1997 and her Ph.D. in Earth and Planetary Sciences from Harvard University in 2003.


WILLIAM B. GAIL, an AMS Member, and the AMS President for 2014, is co-founder and Chief Technology Officer of Global Weather Corporation (GWC) in Boulder, Colorado. GWC is a privately held company that provides precision weather forecasts to businesses within the energy, media, and transportation sectors. Dr. Gail has an undergraduate degree in physics and a PhD degree in electrical engineering from Stanford University, where his research focused on plasma physics in the Earth's magnetosphere. During this period, he spent a year as cosmic ray field scientist at South Pole Station. Dr. Gail is a lifetime National Associate of the National Research Council, having served on a number of NRC committees including the Decadal Survey for Earth Science and Applications from Space and the current Committee on the Assessment of the National Weather Service's Modernization Program. He serves or has served on a variety of corporate and organizational boards including Peak Weather Resources Inc., Women in Aerospace, Imaging Notes magazine, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Advisory Committee on Commercial Remote Sensing (acting), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Applied Sciences Program Advisory Group. He has also served as Associate Editor for the SPIE Journal of Applied Remote Sensing and Director of Industry Relations for the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society. He has published extensively on both technical and policy issues, and has been cited by AGU for excellence in scientific journal review.


MARY GLACKIN serves as the senior vice president (SVP) for science and forecast operations for The Weather Company, an IBM Business. In this role, she oversees the company's global forecasting services, science technology development, and meteorological operations. Glackin also manages the company's relationships with members of the weather enterprise, which includes national and international government agencies, academia and other private sector weather providers, to enable initiatives that depend on partners in the U.S. and globally. Glackin is active with the American Meteorological Society (AMS), where she leads efforts to transform the Society to prepare for its next 100 years of service. She is co-leading a working group of the National Research Council to examine challenges associated with maintaining ocean observations to detect and predict climate change. She also serves on the visiting committee of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center providing advice to the director and on the executive committee of the Weather Coalition. Glackin has had a long and distinguished career in public service, including 20 years in the National Weather Service and a five-year tenure as deputy under Secretary of Commerce for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration operations. Ms. Glackin has a bachelor's degree from the University of Maryland.


LISA GODDARD is the Director of the IRI and an adjunct associate professor within the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences of Columbia University. She has been involved in El Nino and climate forecasting research and operations since the mid 1990s. She has extensive experience in forecasting methodology and has published papers on El Nino, seasonal climate forecasting and verification, and probabilistic climate change projections. Currently leading the IRI's effort on near-term climate change, Goddard oversees research and product development aimed at providing climate information at the 10-20 year horizon and how that low frequency variability and change interacts with the probabilistic risks and benefits of seasonal-to-interannual variability. Most of Goddard's research focuses on diagnosing and extracting meaningful information from climate models and available observations. She also developed and oversees a new national post-doctoral program, the Post-docs Applying Climate Expertise Program (PACE), which explicitly links recent climate PhDs with decision making institutions. Goddard holds a PhD in atmospheric and oceanic sciences from Princeton University and a BA in physics from the University of California at Berkeley.


MAURA HAGAN is a Senior Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) High Altitude Observatory. During the past ten years Hagan served as the Director of the NCAR Advanced Study Program (2005-2010), NCAR Deputy Director (2008-2013), and NCAR Interim Director (2013). Her research interests are focused on the physics of the atmosphere and ionosphere, particularly dynamical coupling between atmospheric regions, including the downward penetration of space weather events, and the effects of upward propagating meteorological disturbances on the near geospace environment. Hagan earned her doctoral degree in physics at Boston College, and worked as a research staff member at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Haystack Observatory prior to joining NCAR. She is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Meteorological Society. She serves on a number of national and international scientific advisory committees. Her prior NRC service includes membership on the Committee on Solar Terrestrial Research, the Atmosphere-Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Panel for the Solar and Space Physics Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future, and the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.


TERRI S. HOGUE is associate professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering, at the Colorado School of Mines, Golden. She conducts research to improve understanding and prediction of hydrologic fluxes for management of water resources, to assess human impacts on the environment, and to mitigate the effects of natural hazards, with a special focus on semi-arid regions. Her ongoing projects focus on urbanization and sustainability, climate variability and watershed response, catchment response to wildfire, modeling watershed and snowmelt processes, remote sensing of land surface properties and streamflow forecasting. In addition to several awards for excellence in teaching, she received an NSF Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award and AMS Journal of Hydrometeorology Editor's Award. She received her Ph.D. in hydrology and water resources from the University of Arizona, Tucson in 2003. She has a B.S. in Geology from the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire.


ANTHONY C. JANETOS is the Director of the Frederick S. Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future and Professor of Earth and Environment at Boston University. Until 2013, he directed the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a joint venture between the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the University of Maryland. Prior to this position, he served as vice president of the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment. Janetos also directed the center's Global Change program. Before coming to The Heinz Center, he served as vice president for science and research at the World Resources Institute and senior scientist for the Land-Cover and Land-Use Change Program in NASA's Office of Earth Science. He was also program scientist for NASA's Landsat 7 mission. He has had many years of experience in managing scientific research programs on a variety of ecological and environmental topics, including air pollution effects on forests, climate change impacts, land-use change, ecosystem modeling, and the global carbon cycle. He was a co-chair of the U.S. National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, and an author of the IPCC Special Report on Land-Use Change and Forestry, the Fourth Assessment Report of IPCC, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, and the Global Biodiversity Assessment. Janetos recently served on the NRC Committee for the Decadal Survey for Earth Sciences and Applications from Space, and has been a member of several other NRC Committees, including the NRC Committee for Review of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan, the Committee on Review of Scientific Research Programs at the Smithsonian Institution (2002), and the Committee on Ecological Indicators for the Nation.


EVERETTE JOSEPH is Director of the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center at the State University of New York at Albany. Prior to that, he was on the faculty at the Howard University Program in Atmospheric Sciences (HUPAS),which he directed from 2008-2013. Joseph has conducted extensive research observing the role of aerosols and certain gases on climate and weather from field observations in the Mid-Atlantic to marine expeditions across the Atlantic Ocean. HUPAS, through the work of Joseph and his colleagues, significantly increased the number of minority Ph.D. graduates in the atmospheric sciences nationally over the past 10 years. At Howard, he led the Climate and Radiation Group, a core research component in the Department of Physics and Astronomy. There he also led the development of a major field observation program with university, government, and industry partners designed to improve the ability of satellites to monitor the atmosphere from space and the skill of atmospheric models to better forecast weather, climate and air quality. Joseph has participated on a variety of advisory boards, including: the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Science Board, the American Meteorological Society Board on Higher Education, and the NASA Science Mission Directorate Research and Analysis Management Operations Working Group. He presently serves on the Board of Trustees of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, which manages the National Center for Atmospheric Research, a federally-funded research and development center supported by the National Science Foundation. He earned his Ph.D. from UAlbany's Department of Physics in 1997, and spent a year in the ASRC as a postdoctoral research associate.


RONALD "NICK" KEENER, Jr.  is Director of Meteorology for Duke Energy Corporation in Charlotte, North Carolina. He is an AMS Certified Consulting Meteorologist. He provides weather forecast and climate support services in support of generation and load forecasting, energy trading and marketing, hydroelectric operation and planning, emergency response organizations, and project planning and development. Prior to his position with Duke Energy he was an Engineering Specialist at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He served on the NRC Committee on Estimating and Communicating Uncertainty in Weather and Climate Forecasts (Completing the Forecast report). Nick Keener is originally from Newton, North Carolina. He received his B.S. from North Carolina State University.


JOHN R. NORDGREN is Senior Program Officer for the Kresge Foundation's Environment Program, which works to advance climate change resilience strategies through investments in science, policy and planning across the U.S. Nordgren is a nationally recognized authority on strategies for proactively addressing the impacts of climate change on nature and people. At Kresge, he has led the Foundation's investments and strategies for advancing the field of Climate Change Adaptation through community based projects and field-building investments. Nordgren has worked closely with the White House Council on Environmental Quality since 2010, helping to support and inform the work of the Administration's Climate Adaptation Task Force through facilitated listening sessions and spearheading efforts to connect federal agencies to experts from across the U.S. He served on the External Committee to Advise the City of Chicago on the implementation of its Climate Adaptation Plan (2011). He has served for five years as a member of the National Advisory Committee for the Climate Adaptation Fund, a project of the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation. He is Co-Chair of the Consultative Group on Biological Diversity's Conservation Science Program and is a founding member of the Board of Directors for EcoAdapt. Prior to joining Kresge in January of 2009, Nordgren was Program Officer for the Henry P. Kendall Foundation in Boston, where he developed the Climate Change Adaptation and Forested Landscapes Program and led the Northern Appalachians Landscape Conservation Program. Prior to joining Kendall, he was Director of Programs for the Massachusetts-based Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences and worked in the Legislative Program of the Natural Resources Defense Council in Washington, D.C. Nordgren holds degrees in public policy from The American University in Washington, D.C. and Tufts University, in Medford, MA.


JONATHAN OVERPECK is a Climate Scientist and Co-Director of the University of Arizona's Institute of the Environment, where he is a Thomas R. Brown Distinguished Professor, and also a Regents Professor of Geosciences and Atmospheric Sciences. Overpeck has written over 170 papers on climate and the environmental sciences, and served as a Coordinating Lead Author for the Nobel Prize winning IPCC 4th Assessment (2007). Overpeck's research focuses on past, current, and future interactions among climate, ice sheets, and sea level, as well as in interactions between climate and ecosystems. Before coming to the University of Arizona, he was the founding director of the NOAA Paleoclimatology Program and the World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, both in Boulder, Colorado. Other awards include the US Dept. of Commerce Gold Medal, a Guggenheim Fellowship, the Walter Orr Roberts award of the American Meteorological Society, and the Quivira Coalition's Radical Center Award for his work with rural ranchers and land managers. Overpeck has active climate research programs on five continents, and is also the lead investigator of CLIMAS and the SW Climate Science Center – two major programs focused on regional climate adaptation. He has appeared and testified before Congress multiple times and is a Fellow of the AAAS. Overpeck received a PhD in Geological Sciences from Brown University in 1985.


ARISTIDES PATRINOS joined SGI from the Department of Energy's Office of Science. Aristides was the director of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research overseeing human and microbial genome research, structural biology, nuclear medicine and health effects and global climate change. He is well known for his leading roles in the development of the U.S. Global Change Research Program and the U.S. Human Genome Project. In addition, Aristides helped create the Joint Genome Institute and developed and launched the Genomes to Life Program, a research program dedicated to developing technologies to use microbes for innovative solutions to energy and environmental challenges. He received his undergraduate degree from the National Technical University of Athens and a Ph.D. from Northwestern University. Aristides is a member of several prestigious professional societies and is the recipient of numerous awards and honorary degrees, including three Presidential Rank Awards and two Secretary of Energy Gold Medals.


DAVID A. ROBINSON is the Chairman of the Geography Department at Rutgers University. He has expertise in the collection and archiving of accurate climatic data, and is interested in climate change (particularly state and regional climate issues), hemispheric and regional snow cover dyn amics, interactions of snow cover with other climate elements, and the dynamics of solar and terrestrial radiative fluxes at and close to the surface of the earth. Robinson is the author or co-author of approximately 130 articles, over half in peer-reviewed journals and book chapters. He also is the State Climatologist for New Jersey. Robinson has served on several NRC committees, and served as the chairman of the Committee on Climate Data Records from Operational Satellites: Development of a NOAA Satellite Data Utilization Plan. He received his Ph.D. from Columbia University.


ALLISON STEINER is an Associate Professor at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Her research interests focus on biosphere-atmosphere interactions across a range of spatial and temporal scales. This includes improved understanding of primary emissions and their fate in the atmosphere, changes in atmospheric chemistry on climatological time scales, and the role of the biosphere in regional climate change. She is the recipient of the University of Michigan Henry Russel Award in 2013 and the American Geophysical Union Atmospheric Sciences section Ascent Award in 2015. She received her B.S. in Chemical Engineering from Johns Hopkins University (1994) and Ph.D. in Atmospheric Science from Georgia Institute of Technology (2003). She was a member of the NAS on The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research in 2016.


DUANE WALISER is Chief Scientist of the Earth Science and Technology Directorate at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California, which formulates, develops, and operates of a wide range of Earth science remote sensing instruments for NASA's airborne and satellite program. His principal research interests lie in climate dynamics and in global atmosphere-ocean modeling, prediction, and predictability, with emphasis on the Tropics and the Earth's water cycle. His recent research foci at JPL involves utilizing new and emerging satellite data sets to study weather and climate as well as advance our model simulation and forecast capabilities, particularly for long-range weather and short-term climate applications. He received a B.S. in physics and a B.S. in computer science from Oregon State University in 1985, an M.S. in physics from UC San Diego in 1987, and his Ph.D. in physical oceanography from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego in 1992. He is presently a member of the WCRP-WWRP Subseasonal to Seasonal (S2S) Project Steering Committee and Co-Chair of the WCRP Data Advisory Council's obs4MIPs Task Team. Dr. Waliser is also a Visiting Associate in the Geological and Planetary Sciences Division at Caltech and an Adjunct Professor in the Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Department at UCLA.



Ocean Studies Board Liaison:

DAVID HALPERN is a Senior Research Scientist at the NASA/California Institute of Technology Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He analyses satellite and in-situ observations to improve understanding of coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction and climate phenomena, such as El Nino and La Nina, intertropical convergence zone, monsoon, and wind-driven ocean upwelling. He developed techniques to record in-situ observations of near-surface meteorological and upper-ocean circulation variables in both shallow and deep-sea environments. He is experienced in: ocean circulation and ocean-atmosphere interaction research (more than 300 publications with 50 single- or first-author peer-review papers); managing national and international programs; teaching graduate and undergraduate courses (Caltech, UCLA, UW); participating in numerous committees (20 as chair or co-chair, 9 as member of executive board, and 45 as member); and enjoying many at-sea adventures as chief scientist. Dr. Halpern had the privilege to serve in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and NASA's Earth Science Division. At OSTP, he co-founded the National Science and Technology Council Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology and Task Group on Global Earth Observations. One of his major interests is enhanced integrated global ocean and atmosphere observations and large-scale process-oriented experiments to improve the accuracy of predictions of the global integrated Earth system. Dr. Halpern was co-chair of the Group on Earth Observations Science and Technology Committee and currently serves as co-chair of the GEO Data Sharing Working Group. He served two terms on the NRC TOGA Panel. He was editor of Geophysical Research Letters and is editor of Eos. Currently, he represents the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission to the Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites, serves on the JCOMM Task Team for Satellites, is chair of the COSPAR Task Group on GEO, and represents the United States in the United Nations Bureau for the World Ocean Assessment. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Geophysical Union, American Meteorological Society, California Academy of Sciences, and International Academy of Astronautics. Dr. Halpern received a B.Sc. honors degree in Geology and Physics from McGill University and a Ph.D. in physical oceanography from MIT.

Polar Research Board Liaison:

JENNIFER A. FRANCIS is a Research Professor at the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences and the Graduate Program in Atmospheric Sciences at Rutgers University. She studies the Arctic climate system, causes for rapid change, and linkages between the Arctic and the global climate system. Her work is funded primarily by the National Science Foundation. She has served on several national committees in the National Science Foundation, the American Meteorological Society, and the science steering committee for the Study of Arctic Environmental Change (SEARCH). Dr. Francis received her Ph.D. in atmospheric sciences from the University of Washington in 1994.